Misunderstandings and Lack of Trust Based Upon Intercultural Communication Issues in Different Contexts

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Communication代写 Intercultural communication between persons from varied cultural practices and environment has always been and ···


Literature Review


Intercultural communication between persons from varied cultural practices and environment has always been and probably will remain an important necessity of human co-existence on earth (Chi, 2016)


According to [Lippmann, 1922] (Clausen, 2006, 43), “In the great blooming, buzzing confusion of the outer world, we pick out what our culture has already defined for us, and we tend to perceive that which we have picked out in the form stereotyped for us by our culture.”

Communication is part of intercultural communication, and in order to communicate effectively, it is important to use language sufficiently. Also culture is part of intercultural communication, Matsumoto(2008) defined culture as “a meaning and information system that is transmitted across generations.” Thus culture influence on perception can be explained by three steps consisting of selection, organization and interpretation.

Intercultural Communication in Business Communication代写

High and Low Context Communication

This context refers to how people communicate in different cultures. To get the difference, according to Hooker, J (2008), “In high-context communications, messages cannot be understood without a great deal of background information. Low-context communication spells out more of the information explicitly in the message.”

Understanding what your international colleagues are high or low context will help in adapting to communication style to build stronger relationship between them. To understand these cross-cultural training is essential.

Intercultural Communication in Mixed-Marriage Communication代写

In intercultural marriages, the partners possess their own unique dynamics and challenges (Cools, 2006). Spouses exhibit distinctly different physical characteristics and may utilize diverse languages. Due to diverse values and objectives intercultural conflicts may occur in marriages.

Intercultural Communications in Clothing Styles Communication代写

When a person becomes uncomfortable and cultural judgments arise when surrounded by people who wear other types of clothes. We say that clothes are of distinct part of a culture, and each culture has its unique traditional clothing. This is part of non-verbal communication. Lustig and Koester (2010) gave three different cultural variations in nonverbal communications: 1. Specific repertoire of behaviors, 2. Display rule that decide when and what, 3. their interpretation.

References Communication代写

Cools, C. (2006). Relational communication in intercultural couples. Language and Intercultural Communication, 6 (3&4), 262-274. Doi: 10.2167/laic253.0

Chi, L. (2016). Intercultural communication: differences between western and Asian perspective (Thesis, Centria University of Applied Sciences). Retrieved from https://www.theseus.fi

Hooker, J. (2008). Cultural differences in business communication. (Carnegie Melton University). Retrieved from: https://www.public.tepper.cmu.edu

Lustig, M. W. & Koester, J. (2010, intercultural competence: interpersonal communication across cultures. Boston: Pearson International.

Clause, L. (2006). Intercultural organizational communication: Five Corporate Cases in Japan. Copenhagen Business School Press. Available at: https://site.ebrary.com.ezproxy.centria.fi