PROJECT MANAGEMENT

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医学report代写 The report covers a not-for-profit medical research center. It researches diseases related to aging. The organization wants to ···

Table of Contents

Project Management

Introduction 医学report代写

The report covers a not-for-profit medical research center. It researches diseases related to aging. The organization wants to increase its funding and maintain its current funders. Currently, it is facing stiff competition from other not-for-profit entities. Therefore, it wants to maintain its funders as well as get new supporters.

As part of its marketing strategy, the organization publishes annual reports of its financial status and accomplishments. The past reports of the company have been unimpressive. The content has been dry, which makes it unattractive to potential sponsors. The reports do not have a visual appeal since they have been in black and white with no pictures and unattractive cover. The reports have also been voluminous, thus cumbersome for sponsors to read.

The board of directors believes this document could be improved by making it precise and visually appealing. 医学report代写

Moreover, it should be more informative. The funders need to be informed on the organization’s research efforts and achievements it has made so far. The finances are also at the heart of the organization; thus, the investors need to be told how funds are being utilized and fiscal policies the organization has come up with to ensure resources are used efficiently. The investors have to know they get value for their money and confidence in what the organization is doing.

The company has come up with a team to achieve the desired outcomes. The team would be headed by Alexis, who is the director of external affairs. Other team members are Grace, a marketing specialist, Levi, a writer and editor, and Lakysha, who would handle all the photographs. The work is divided.

The team would collect testimonials and photos from the medical facilities that have benefitted from the organization. After data collection, the team would have to put out bids for design, printing, and distribution. From the bids, the team chooses the best-priced proposals and designs that are appealing for the organization.

Work Breakdown Schedule 医学report代写

 It is a two-tier WBS. It has five deliverables. These are project preparation, project reach out, documentation, compilation of the project, and product marketing.

Project Preparation

It is the initial stage of the project. All project members should assemble and discuss the project’s implementation. At this stage, the objectives of the project are made known to all members. It gives the team a hyper-focused idea of what each member needs to achieve at the end of the study. Project preparation has two sub-deliveries mobilization of resources and work distribution.

Mobilization of Resources 医学report代写

The resources to be mobilized for this project are information and financial resources. Information required includes the list of medical facilities to be visited. The facilities chosen might be ideal for providing the necessary data for the study of the project. The organization’s contribution to these facilities needs to be substantial.

Thus, the information obtained from these visits makes an impression on sponsors. The organization also has to mobilize funds for use to make these visits. There would be a substantial amount of money to be used on visits, data collection, and compilation. Furthermore, some of the deliverables, such as design, printing, and distribution, should be subcontracted.

Work Distribution 医学report代写

The role of each member of the project needs to be known from the beginning of the project. The aim is to avoid confusion. Moreover, it avoids overlapping of the roles for each member. The team is headed by Alexis, who is the project manager. I would be in charge of coming up with strategies that would ensure the delivery of the project. It results in a quick turnaround for an organization while ensuring it competes at the same level as other donor-funded organization (Mir & Pinnington 2014).

Other members are Grace, who would handle marketing. Her work is to reach out the sponsors with the annual reports. She also comes up with marketing strategies for the project. Moreover, she would collect feedback from customers. Levi would handle writing and editing. He would be in charge of all write-ups to be done, a compilation of documents, and graphic design project.

Project Reach out 

The project delivery refers to all activities to ensure that all necessary information required for the project is obtained successfully. The project’s sub-deliveries are successful site visits and correspondence with respondents from whom testimonials would be collected.

Correspondence with Respondents 医学report代写

The respondents in this project are patients and families that have benefitted from the center’s research. The success of the project depends on the successful reach out to these respondents. Consequently, in implementing this project, there is a need to reach out the respondents. Furthermore, the best information is obtained from patients that have been significantly affected by the program.

Site Visits

The aim of these visits is to take photos of successful projects that the program has implemented. From the visits, the testimonials would be obtained from patients and families.

Documentation

The sub-deliverables for documentation represent the information being present in the final report. These are the photographs and testimonials.

Photographs and Write-ups 医学report代写

The photographs and write-ups used on the final report are obtained from medical facilities that have benefitted from the center’s research.

An elderly lady at one of the care centers established under the donor funded program.

A beneficiary of the research unit  undergoes home-based care

Testimonials 医学report代写

The deliveries here are written statements, voices, and video records of respondents.

Some of the testimonials are as below:

Testimonial 1

“The research by this unit has enabled us to take care of the aged in the society, the program provides us with advise on the right time of food that they should take”

Testimonial 2

“We thank the board of directors for this program, it benefits to our community are immeasurable. It has helped us with home care and nursing care for our elderly”

Compilation

The delivery here is the final written report. The final report should be appealing to the research center and donors. The deliveries are the document draft and graphics.

Document Draft 医学report代写

In the document draft, the delivery is a written document that contains pictures, graphs, and information. The aim is to capture donors’ attention by proving that their finances have been put to good use. Furthermore, a well-written report is interesting to read.

Graphics Design

The report needs to incorporate graphic design to make it appealing to the readers. The report needs to have the right mix of colors, fonts, and designs to appeal to donors.

Product Marketing

The final WBS is product marketing. The deliverable here is the delivery of the product to the prospective and existing donors.

Donor Reach out Campaigns

There are marketing strategies adopted to reach out to donors. The aim is to market the research center as a hub of research on age-related diseases.

List of Activities to Be Performed 医学report代写

  • Mobilize resources for the project.
  • Distribute work to all parties involved in the project.
  • Visit facilities that are using results of the center’s research.
  • Talk to respondents so that they can air their views on the success of  the center’s research.
  • Record respondents’ testimonials.
  • Take photographs of medical facilities that have benefitted from the center’s research.
  • Do the write-ups.
  • Complete the draft document.
  • Edit the document to add pictures and graphics.
  • Market/present the center’s report to potential and prospective donors.

Network Diagram of Activities 医学report代写

Where

FF stands for finish to finish.

FS stands for finish to start.

SS stands for start to start.

Explanation of the Network Diagram 医学report代写

The activities required are mobilization of resources for the project and distribution of work to the parties. The two have a finish-to-finish logical relationship. The mobilization of resources for the project is the predecessor activity, while the distribution of work to the parties is the successor activity. Consequently, the former has to be completed before the latter can be finished. The two activities are then followed by visiting facilities that are using the center’s research.

The logical relationship between the two is a finish-to-start. Therefore, the preceding activity has to be finished before the successor activity can start. After the visitation, what follows is talking to respondents. The logical relationship between the two is a finish-to-start a relationship. Hence, visitation has to take place before talking to respondents. Talking to respondents is followed by three activities: recording respondents, taking photographs, and doing write-ups.

The logical relationship between talking to respondents and three above-mentioned activities is a finish-to-start logical relationship. 医学report代写

The logical relationship between the three is a start-to-start one. Consequently, recording of correspondents must begin before taking photographs. Apart from that, taking photographs should have started before doing write-ups.

These activities are then followed by compiling and editing via a finish-to-start logical relationship. Compiling and editing have a start-to-start logical relationship. Finally, marketing takes place at the last step and has a finish-to-start regarding compiling and editing. It marks the end of the network diagram of activities.

The Estimated Duration of Each Activity 医学report代写

Mobilization of the resources for the project is estimated to take two weeks.

  1. Distribution of work to all parties involved in the project, understanding their responsibilities, and sub-contracting work take three weeks.
  2. Visiting various facilities that are using results of the center’s research takes five days.
  3. Talking to various respondents so that they can air their views on the success of the center’s research takes one week
  4. Recording respondents’ testimonials, analyzing, and translating in case of the language barrier take three weeks.
  5. Taking photographs of medical facilities that have benefitted from the center’s research takes one week.
  6. Doing write-ups from the findings in the field takes two weeks.
  7. Compiling the draft document and adding data from various sources take three weeks.
  8. Editing of the document to add pictures, graphics, and proofreading takes four weeks.
  9. Marketing of the center’s report to potential and prospective donors takes four weeks.

Project Calculations 医学report代写

Using a start time of 0 and a required completion time of 180 days, certain calculations can be done for each activity.

Mobilizing resources for the project is estimated to take two weeks.

Early Start time (ES): It is the earliest scheduled time that a task can begin.

ES= 1day

  • Earliest Finish time (EF): It is the earliest scheduled time when a task can be finished.

EF of a task that does not have a predecessor= estimated task duration.

EF=1+14-1= 14 days

  • Latest Finish (LF) is equal to the Early Start time of the first dependent task.

LF= LS of successor-1

LS of successor activity is 15 days 医学report代写

=15-1

=14 days

  • Latest Start (LS) is the latest time in the schedule when the task can kick off without causing delays.

LS= Late finish of activity-activity duration+1

LS= 20-14+1

LS=7 days

Distribution of work to all parties involved in the project, understanding of their responsibilities, and sub-contracting of work take three weeks.

  • ES=EF of predecessor activity + 1

ES= 14+1

ES = 15 days

  • Early Finish of the activity = Activity duration + Early Start of activity – 1

EF= 21+15-1

EF= 35 days

  • Late Finish of activity =late start of successor activity -1

LS of successor activity= 36 days

LF of activity 36-1= 35 days

  • Late start of the activity= Late finish of activity-activity duration +1

LS= 35-21+1

LS= 15 days

Visiting various facilities that are using results of the center’s research takes five days.

  • ES=EF of predecessor activity + 1

ES= 35+1

ES = 36 days

  • Early Finish of the activity = Activity duration + Early Start of activity – 1

EF= 5+36-1

EF= 40 days

  • Late Finish of activity =late start of successor activity -1

LS of successor activity= 41 days

LF of activity 41-1=40 days

  • Late start of the activity= Late finish of activity-activity duration +1

LS= 40-5+1

LS= 36 days

Talking to various respondents so that they can air their views on the success of the center’s research takes one week. 医学report代写

  • ES=EF of predecessor activity + 1

ES= 40+1

ES = 41 days

  • Early Finish of the activity = Activity duration + Early Start of activity – 1

EF= 7+41-1

EF= 47 days

  • Late Finish of activity =late start of successor activity -1

LS of successor activity= 48 days

LF of activity 48-1=47 days

  • Late start of the activity= Late finish of activity-activity duration +1

LS= 47-7+1

LS= 41 days

Recording respondents’ testimonials, analyzing, and translating in case of language barrier take three weeks.

  • ES=EF of predecessor activity + 1

ES= 45+1

ES = 48 days

  • Early Finish of the activity = Activity duration + Early Start of activity – 1

EF= 21+46-1

EF=66 days

  • Late Finish of activity =late start of successor activity -1

LS of successor activity= 67 days

LF of activity 69-1=66 days

  • Late start of the activity= Late finish of activity-activity duration +1

LS= 66-21+1

LS= 46 days

Taking photographs of medical facilities that have benefitted from the center’s research takes one week. 医学report代写

  • ES=EF of predecessor activity + 1

ES= 47+1

ES = 48 days

  • Early Finish of the activity = Activity duration + Early Start of activity – 1

EF= 7+48-1

EF= 54 days

  • Late Finish of activity =late start of successor activity -1

LS of successor activity= 55 days

LF of activity 55-1=54 days

  • Late start of the activity= Late finish of activity-activity duration +1

LS= 54-7+1

LS= 48 days.

Doing write-ups from the findings in the field takes two weeks.

The predecessor of this activity is talking to respondents.

  • ES=EF of predecessor activity + 1

ES= 47+1

ES = 48 days

  • Early Finish of the activity = Activity duration + Early Start of activity – 1

EF=14+48-1

EF= 61 days

  • Late Finish of activity =late start of successor activity -1

LS of successor activity= 62days

LF of activity 62-1=61 days

  • Late start of the activity= Late finish of activity-activity duration +1

LS= 61-14+1

LS= 48 days

Compiling of the draft document and adding info from various sources takes three weeks. 医学report代写

Its preceding activity is recording respondents’ testimonials, analyzing, and translating in case of a language barrier.

  • ES=EF of predecessor activity + 1

ES= 66+1

ES = 67 days

  • Early Finish of the activity = Activity duration + Early Start of activity – 1

EF= 21+67-1

EF=87 days

  • Late Finish of activity =late start of successor activity -1

LS of successor activity= 88 days

LF of activity 88-1=87 days

  • Late start of the activity= Late finish of activity-activity duration +1

LS= 87-21+1

LS= 67 days

Editing of the document to add pictures, graphics, and proofreading takes four weeks. The predecessor activity is doing write-ups. 医学report代写

  • ES=EF of predecessor activity + 1

ES= 61+1

ES = 62 days

  • Early Finish of the activity = Activity duration + Early Start of activity – 1

EF=28+62-1

EF= 89 days

  • Late Finish of activity =late start of successor activity -1

LS of successor activity= 90days

LF of activity 90-1=89 days

  • Late start of the activity= Late finish of activity-activity duration +1

LS= 89-28+1

LS= 62 days

Marketing of the center’s report to potential and prospective donors takes four weeks. The predecessors, in this case, are two. It can be compiling of the draft document or editing of the document to add pictures, graphics, and proofreading.

  • ES=EF of predecessor activity + 1

ES= 87+1

ES = 88 days

  • Early Finish of the activity = Activity duration + Early Start of activity – 1

EF= 28+88-1

EF=115 days

  • Late Finish of activity =late start of successor activity -1

LS of successor activity= 116 days

LF of activity 116-1=115 days

  • Late start of the activity= Late finish of activity-activity duration +1

LS= 115-28+1

LS= 88 days

Alternatively, when editing of the document to add pictures, graphics and proofreading are the predecessors. 医学report代写

  • ES=EF of predecessor activity + 1

ES= 89+1

ES = 90 days

  • Early Finish of the activity = Activity duration + Early Start of activity – 1

EF=28+90-1

EF= 117 days

  • Late Finish of activity =late start of successor activity -1

LS of successor activity= 118days

LF of activity 118-1=117 days

  • Late start of the activity= Late finish of activity-activity duration +1

LS= 117-28+1

LS= 90 days

Identifying the Critical Path and the Activities Making up the Path 医学report代写

The critical path analysis is used to track a project’s progress. The critical path is as follows:

  1. Mobilizing resources for the project is estimated to take two weeks.
  2. Distribution of work to all parties involved in the project, understanding their responsibilities, and sub-contracting work take three weeks.
  3. Visiting various facilities that are using results of the center’s research takes five days.
  4. Talking to various respondents so that they can air their views on the success of the center’s research takes one week.
  5. Doing write-ups from the findings in the field takes two weeks.
  6. Editing of the document to add pictures, graphics, and proofreading takes four weeks.
  7. Marketing of the center’s report to potential and prospective donors takes four weeks.

The critical path takes 117 days to accomplish. The interpretation is made based on dependencies and connection of tasks. A delay in one task leads to a delay in all other project activities (Ahmad 2020). Moreover, the critical path is a clear indication of how to get the project done on time (Hobbs 2015). The critical path analysis gives a clear indication of project progress.

Conclusion 医学report代写

All in all, from the project, one can understand the process of project management. The analysis looked into the various phases of a project. First, by coming up with a work breakdown schedule, it offers the deliverables for the project. Based on the WBS, the list of activities for the project is generated. In this project, there is a total of ten activities. The list of these activities is then used to create a network diagram with an estimated duration of each activity.

Using the estimated duration period of each activity, project calculations can be done. They are early start (ES), early finish (EF), late finish (LF) and late start. These calculations can be used to determine the progress. Consequently, the critical path of the project can be determined. The path identifies the project’s best flow with minimal interruptions since a delay in a task may lead to delay in other activities.

Reference List 医学report代写

Ahmad, H 2020, Analysis of business networks in project management by using critical path method (CPM)’, Journal of Interdisciplinary Mathematics, vol. 23, no. 4, pp.851-855.

Hobbs, P 2015, DK essential managers: Project management by Peter Hobbs, Dorling Kindersley, London.

‌Mir, F & Pinnington, A 2014, ‘ Exploring the value of project management: Linking project management performance and project success’, International Journal of Project Management, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 202-217.

医学report代写
医学report代写


项目管理

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目录
简介3
工作分解时间表4
项目准备4
调动资源5
工作分配5
项目推广5
与受访者的往来5
实地考察5
文档5
摄影作品5
感言5
汇编5
文件草案6
图形设计6
产品营销6
捐助者参与运动6
进行的活动清单6
活动网络图6
网络图说明7
每个活动的估计持续时间7
项目计算7
确定关键路径和组成路径的活动11
结论11
参考清单12

项目管理

介绍

该报告涵盖了一个非营利性医学研究中心。它研究与衰老有关的疾病。该组织希望增加资金并维持现有的资金提供者。目前,它正面临来自其他非营利实体的激烈竞争。因此,它希望维持其资助者并获得新的支持者。作为其营销策略的一部分,该组织发布有关其财务状况和成就的年度报告。该公司过去的报道令人印象深刻。内容已经干燥,因此对潜在的赞助商没有吸引力。这些报告是黑白的,没有图片,封面也没有吸引力,因此没有视觉上的吸引力。报告也篇幅庞大,因此赞助商难以阅读。

董事会认为,可以通过将其准确和吸引人的外观来改进此文档。而且,它应该提供更多信息。必须告知资助者该组织迄今为止的研究工作和取得的成就。财务也是该组织的核心。因此,需要告知投资者如何使用资金以及该组织已提出的财政政策,以确保有效利用资源。投资者必须知道他们会从自己的金钱中获得价值,并对组织的工作充满信心。

该公司已经成立了一个团队来实现预期的结果。该团队将由对外事务主管亚历克西斯(Alexis)领导。其他团队成员包括营销专家Grace,作家兼编辑Levi和Lakysha(负责处理所有照片)。工作是分开的。该小组将从受益于该组织的医疗机构收集证明和照片。收集数据后,团队将不得不为设计,打印和分发出价。从投标中,团队选择对组织有吸引力的最优惠价格的建议和设计。

它是一个两层WBS。它有五个可交付成果。这些是项目准备,项目推广,文档,项目汇编和产品营销。

项目准备

这是项目的初始阶段。所有项目成员都应集合并讨论项目的实施情况。在此阶段,所有成员都将了解该项目的目标。它为团队提供了每个研究结束时每个成员需要实现的目标的高度专注的想法。项目准备工作有两个分项动员资源和工作分配。

资源调动

为该项目筹集的资源是信息和财政资源。所需信息包括要访问的医疗设施清单。选择的设施可能是为项目研究提供必要数据的理想选择。该组织对这些设施的贡献必须是可观的。因此,从这些访问中获得的信息给赞助商留下了深刻的印象。该组织还必须动员资金进行这些访问。在访问,数据收集和整理上将有大量的钱。此外,应将某些可交付成果(例如设计,印刷和分发)分包给承包商。

工作分配

从项目开始就需要了解项目每个成员的角色。目的是避免混乱。而且,它避免了每个成员的角色重叠。该团队由项目经理Alexis领导。我将负责提出确保项目交付的策略。它可以使组织快速周转,同时确保其竞争能力与其他捐助方资助的组织处于同一水平(Mir&Pinnington 2014)。其他成员是格雷斯(Grace),他将负责市场营销。她的工作是通过年度报告吸引赞助商。她还提出了该项目的营销策略。而且,她将收集客户的反馈。 Levi将负责编写和编辑。他将负责将要完成的所有书面工作,文件的汇编以及图形设计项目。

项目推广

项目交付是指确保成功获得项目所需的所有必要信息的所有活动。该项目的子交付地点是成功的现场访问,并与将收集其推荐物的受访者进行通信。
与受访者的往来,该项目的受访者是受益于该中心研究的患者和家庭。项目的成功取决于与这些受访者的成功接触。因此,在实施该项目时,需要与受访者保持联系。此外,从受程序严重影响的患者那里可以获得最佳信息。

实地考察

这些访问的目的是为该计划已实施的成功项目照相。通过访问,可以从患者和家属那里获得推荐信。

文献资料

文档的子交付物表示最终报告中提供的信息。这些是照片和推荐。
摄影作品
最终报告中使用的照片和文字稿是从受益于该中心研究的医疗机构获得的。

在由捐助者资助的计划下建立的一个护理中心中,一位老年妇女。

研究单位的受益人接受家庭护理

感言

此处的交付内容是书面答复,声音和受访者的视频记录。
一些推荐如下:
感言1

“该部门的研究使我们能够照顾社会中的老年人,该计划为我们提供了有关他们应该在适当的时间摄取食物的建议”
感言2

“我们感谢董事会的这项计划,它给我们社区带来的好处是无法估量的。它帮助我们为老年人提供了家庭护理和护理”

汇编

此处提供的是最终的书面报告。最终报告应吸引研究中心和捐助者。交货是文档草稿和图形。
文件草稿
在文档草稿中,交货是包含图片,图形和信息的书面文档。目的是通过证明捐助者的资金已得到充分利用来吸引捐助者的注意。此外,写得好的报告很有趣。

图形设计

该报告需要包含图形设计,以使其吸引读者。报告必须具有正确的颜色,字体和设计组合,以吸引捐助者。
产品行销
最终的WBS是产品营销。这里的可交付成果是将产品交付给潜在的和现有的捐助者。
捐助者参与运动
已采用营销策略来接触捐助者。目的是将研究中心推向市场,作为与年龄有关的疾病的研究中心。
进行的活动清单
为项目动员资源。
将工作分配给项目的所有相关方。
访问使用该中心研究结果的设施。
与受访者进行交流,以便他们就中心研究的成功发表自己的看法。
记录受访者的推荐信。
拍摄受益于该中心研究的医疗机构的照片。
做书面记录。
完成文件草稿。
编辑文档以添加图片和图形。
将中心的报告推销/展示给潜在的和潜在的捐助者。

活动网络图在哪里

FF代表完成。
FS代表开始完成。
SS代表开始开始。
网络图说明
所需的活动是为项目调集资源并向各方分配工作。两者具有从头到尾的逻辑关系。为项目筹集资源是前任活动,而将工作分配给各方则是后一项活动。因此,前者必须先完成,后者才能完成。然后进行这两项活动,然后访问利用该中心的研究成果的设施。两者之间的逻辑关系是从头到尾的。因此,在后续活动可以开始之前,必须先完成先前的活动。探访之后,接下来是与受访者交谈。两者之间的逻辑关系是从头到尾的关系。因此,必须在与受访者交谈之前进行访问。与受访者交谈之后,进行三项活动:记录受访者,拍照和作文。
与受访者交谈和上述三项活动之间的逻辑关系是从头到尾的逻辑关系。这三者之间的逻辑关系是一开始就开始的。因此,必须在拍摄照片之前开始记录通讯员。除此之外,应该在写照片之前先拍照。这些活动之后,将通过从头至尾的逻辑关系进行编译和编辑。编译和编辑具有从开始到开始的逻辑关系。最后,市场营销是在最后一步进行的,并且从头到尾都是有关编译和编辑的。它标志着活动网络图的结束。

每个活动的估计持续时间

为该项目动员的资源估计需要两个星期。
将工作分配给项目的所有相关方,了解他们的职责以及分包工作需要三个星期。
访问使用该中心研究结果的各种设施需要5天。
与各个受访者进行交流,以便他们就中心研究的成功发表自己的看法需要花费一周的时间
记录受访者的推荐,分析和翻译以防语言障碍需要三周的时间。
拍摄受益于该中心研究的医疗机构的照片需要一周的时间。
根据现场调查结果进行书面记录需要两个星期。
编译文档草稿并从各种来源添加数据需要三周的时间。
编辑文档以添加图片,图形和校对需要四个星期。
将中心的报告销售给潜在和潜在的捐助者需要四个星期。

项目计算

使用开始时间0和所需的完成时间180天,可以为每个活动进行某些计算。
为该项目筹集资源估计需要两个星期。
提早开始时间(ES):这是任务可以开始的最早计划时间。
ES = 1天
最早的完成时间(EF):这是可以完成任务的最早的计划时间。
没有前任任务的EF =估计任务持续时间。
EF = 1 + 14-1 = 14天
最新完成时间(LF)等于第一个从属任务的“提前开始”时间。
LF =后继者1的LS
后续活动的LS为15天
= 15-1
= 14天
“最新开始时间”(LS)是计划中可以在不引起延迟的情况下启动任务的最晚时间。
LS =活动后期-活动持续时间+1
LS = 20-14 + 1
LS = 7天
将工作分配给项目的所有相关方,了解他们的责任以及将工作分包需要三周。
ES=先前活动的EF + 1
ES = 14 + 1
ES = 15天
活动的早期完成=活动时间+活动的早期开始– 1
EF = 21 + 15-1
EF = 35天
活动的最后完成=后续活动-1的开始
后续活动的LS = 36天
活动36-1的LF = 35天
活动的延迟开始=活动的延迟结束-活动持续时间+1
LS = 35-21 + 1
LS = 15天
访问使用该中心研究结果的各种设施需要五天的时间。
ES=先前活动的EF + 1
ES = 35 + 1
ES = 36天

活动的早期完成=活动时间+活动的早期开始– 1

EF = 5 + 36-1
EF = 40天
活动的最后完成=后续活动-1的开始
后续活动的LS = 41天
活动41-1 = 40天的LF
活动的延迟开始=活动的延迟结束-活动持续时间+1
LS = 40-5 + 1
LS = 36天
与各种受访者进行交流,以便他们就中心研究的成功发表自己的看法,这一过程需要一周的时间。
ES=先前活动的EF + 1
ES = 40 + 1
ES = 41天
活动的早期完成=活动时间+活动的早期开始– 1
EF = 7 + 41-1
EF = 47天
活动的最后完成=后续活动的最后开始

活动55-1 = 54天的LF
活动的延迟开始=活动的延迟结束-活动持续时间+1
LS = 54-7 + 1
LS = 48天。
根据实地调查结果撰写文章需要两个星期。
此活动的前身是与受访者交谈。
ES=先前活动的EF + 1
ES = 47 + 1
ES = 48天
活动的早期完成=活动时间+活动的早期开始– 1
EF = 14 + 48-1
EF = 61天
活动的最后完成=后续活动-1的开始
后续活动的LS = 62天
活动的LF 62-1 = 61天
活动的延迟开始=活动的延迟结束-活动持续时间+1
LS = 61-14 + 1
LS = 48天
该文档草稿的编辑以及从各种来源添加信息都需要三周的时间。它的先前活动是记录受访者的推荐,分析和翻译以防出现语言障碍。
ES=先前活动的EF + 1
ES = 66 + 1
ES = 67天
活动的早期完成=活动时间+活动的早期开始– 1
EF = 21 + 67-1
EF = 87天

活动的最后完成=后续活动-1的开始

后续活动的LS = 88天
活动88-1 = LF的LF
活动的延迟开始=活动的延迟结束-活动持续时间+1
LS = 87-21 + 1
LS = 67天
编辑文档以添加图片,图形和校对需要四个星期。先前的活动正在做书面记录。
ES=先前活动的EF + 1
ES = 61 + 1
ES = 62天
活动的早期完成=活动时间+活动的早期开始– 1
EF = 28 + 62-1
EF = 89天
活动的最后完成=后续活动-1的开始
后续活动的LS = 90天
活动90-1 = 89天的LF
活动的延迟开始=活动的延迟结束-活动持续时间+1
LS = 89-28 + 1
LS = 62天
该中心的报告向潜在和潜在捐助者的营销需要四个星期。在这种情况下,其前身是两个。它可以是草稿文档的编辑,也可以是文档的编辑以添加图片,图形和校对。
ES=先前活动的EF + 1
ES = 87 + 1
ES = 88天
活动的早期完成=活动时间+活动的早期开始– 1
EF = 28 + 88-1
EF = 115天
活动的最后完成=后续活动-1的开始
后续活动的LS = 116天
活动116-1 = 115天的LF
活动的延迟开始=活动的延迟结束-活动持续时间+1
LS = 115-28 + 1
LS = 88天

或者,在编辑文档以添加图片时,图形和校对是它们的前身。

ES=先前活动的EF + 1
ES = 89 + 1
ES = 90天
活动的早期完成=活动时间+活动的早期开始– 1
EF = 28 + 90-1
EF = 117天
活动的最后完成=后续活动-1的开始
后继活动的LS = 118天
活动118-1 = 117天的LF
活动的延迟开始=活动的延迟结束-活动持续时间+1
LS = 117-28 + 1
LS = 90天
确定关键路径和构成路径的活动
关键路径分析用于跟踪项目的进度。关键路径如下:
为该项目动员的资源估计需要两个星期。
将工作分配给项目的所有相关方,了解他们的职责以及分包工作需要三个星期。
访问使用该中心研究结果的各种设施需要5天。
与各个受访者进行交流,以便他们就中心研究的成功发表自己的看法,这一过程需要一周的时间。
根据现场调查结果进行书面记录需要两个星期。
编辑文档以添加图片,图形和校对需要四个星期。
将中心的报告销售给潜在和潜在的捐助者需要四个星期。
关键路径需要117天才能完成。根据任务的依赖关系和连接进行解释。一项任务的拖延导致所有其他项目活动的拖延(Ahmad 2020)。此外,关键路径清楚地表明了如何按时完成项目(Hobbs 2015)。关键路径分析可以清楚地指示项目进度。

结论

总而言之,从项目中,人们可以了解项目管理的过程。 分析着眼于项目的各个阶段。 首先,通过制定工作分解时间表,它提供了该项目的可交付成果。 基于WBS,将生成该项目的活动清单。 在这个项目中,总共有十项活动。 然后使用这些活动的列表来创建一个网络图,其中包含每个活动的估计持续时间。 使用每个活动的估计持续时间,可以完成项目计算。 它们是提早开始(ES),提早结束(EF),提早结束(LF)和提早开始。 这些计算可用于确定进度。 因此,可以确定项目的关键路径。 该路径以最小的干扰确定了项目的最佳流程,因为任务的延迟可能会导致其他活动的延迟。

Reference List

 

Ahmad, H 2020, Analysis of business networks in project management by using critical path method (CPM)’, Journal of Interdisciplinary Mathematics, vol. 23, no. 4, pp.851-855.

Hobbs, P 2015, DK essential managers: Project management by Peter Hobbs, Dorling Kindersley, London.

‌Mir, F & Pinnington, A 2014, ‘ Exploring the value of project management: Linking project management performance and project success’, International Journal of Project Management, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 202-217.

 
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