Applying Theory to Practice
Applying Theory to Practice
psychodynamic Theory代写 The theory believes that violent behaviour is unconsciously acquired mental setup from childhood experiences.
Three Aspects of the Case psychodynamic Theory代写
The case is about Mary Bell who convicted child murder (Calin, 2011). The case has three explicit aspects which led Mary to her juvenile delinquency. First, her background contributed to her belief that violence is normal. She believed that her father was a criminal and her mother was a prostitute. Secondly, the early childhood mistreatments changed hers perception on morality. Her mother made her have sex with adult men at the age of three. psychodynamic Theory代写**成品
This affected her reality of life while she became emotionally and psychologically demoralised. Third, Mary’s life had taken a toll of her mind, and she had developed a psychological problem. She was violent, and rationality never exist in her. She believed that murder is not bad because in one way or the other we will all die.
Factors Contributing to Juvenile Delinquency psychodynamic Theory代写
The child upbringing determines how he/she grows and develop (Henneberger et al. 2013). Home experiences are considered the largest contributor to child behaviour. According to the study a child brought up in a violent family, most likely he/she may turn to be violent or believe violence is not bad. Like the case of Mary Bell, she is believed to come up from a violent family, whereby her father was a criminal, and her mother was a prostitute. She was even molested in her childhood. Thus she grew up believing violence to be normal in life.
Peer Pressure psychodynamic Theory代写
Child delinquency can be shaped by the close acquittances who involve themselves in delinquent behaviours (Farrell et al. 2017). If all the close friends are involved in delinquent, most likely a child will turn to the behaviour. Therefore, to understand a child behaviour it is important to look at the close peers on what they do.
Socioeconomic factors psychodynamic Theory代写
Juvenile delinquency is mostly associated with the poor neighbourhood (Ilgova et al. 2017). Although not all neighbourhoods are associated with delinquency, the studies show that most children in these areas believe committing a crime is a way of earning a living or prosper. Too many thefts and other crimes in poor areas may be the only way of life. To understand a child behaviour is therefore important to look where they have come from and the type of people living there.
The Concept of psychodynamic Theory of Juvenile Delinquency psychodynamic Theory代写
The theory was propounded by Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) of Australia (Meena, 2016). According to him, delinquency behaviour is caused by abnormal personality structure which is developed form the early life from peers and home and influences the future behaviour and choices. The theory believes that violent behaviour is unconsciously acquired mental setup from childhood experiences. psychodynamic Theory代写**成品
The child behaviour according to this theory is shaped by the three major components which are the id, ego, and the superego. Id is inborn in every child and it unrestrained, primitive, and seek pressure. Ego is developed in life through realities and mostly restrain the id.
On the other hand, the superego is shaped by the relationships we create with parents and other people. psychodynamic Theory代写
The three personality components exist simultaneously and complement each other. If one personality becomes dominant than the others, the individual develops abnormal behaviour. At the early stage of adulthood, these personalities are in crisis. They end up the emotional, impulsive, and mixed feeling of their purpose. In this case, delinquent is viewed as a manifestation of psychosis. As a result, they may develop mental anguish and internal conflicts which may end them to delinquent behaviour.
Strategy to prevent juvenile delinquency according to psychodynamic theory psychodynamic Theory代写
In the prevention of delinquent behaviour, it is important to offer them the chance to express their life experiences, frustrations, and fascinations. At juvenile stage, they should be treated with much care keeping in mind that, they are emotionally and psychologically delicate. The environment in which they are brought up in should encourage them to express themselves as wells being allowed to be who they want to be. Violent up bring should also be avoided at all cost.
References psychodynamic Theory代写
Calin, M. (2011). Top 10 Young Killers – Listverse. Retrieved from http://listverse.com/2011/05/14/top-10-young-killers/
Farrell, A. D., Thompson, E. L., & Mehari, K. R. (2017). Dimensions of peer influences and their relationship to adolescents’ aggression, other problem behaviours and prosocial behaviour. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(6), 1351-1369. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0601-4
Henneberger, A. K., Durkee, M. I., Truong, N., Atkins, A., & Tolan, P. H. (2013). The longitudinal relationship between peer violence and popularity and delinquency in adolescent boys: Examining effects by family functioning. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(11), 1651-60. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-012-9859-
Ilgova, E. V., Smagina, T. A., Vershinina, G. I., Kuznetcova, I. O., & Gorbachev, M. V. (2017). Socio-economic risk factors of criminal behaviour in teenager environment: a regional aspect. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, 20(3), 1-13. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/2024345049?accountid=45049
Meena, T. (2016). Psychological theories of juvenile delinquency: A criminological perspective. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research (IJIR), 2(9).