Twitter Diplomacy代写 Through Twitter, Trump has become incontestably the most influential leader out of the 25 most followed modern world leaders.
Does Donald Trump’s Use of Twitter for Official Communications Hurt or Help U.S. Diplomatic Relationships with Other Countries’ Governments?
The age of social media has changed how people are communicating and connecting. Many politicians are choosing to have official social media accounts where they can communicate with their constituents. Unlike many politicians, Trump uses for both his private and formal interactions with American Citizens as well as for diplomatic relations. Donald Trump’s use of his private Twitter account as president and for official communication has elicited debates from extreme ends of the political divide.
Some argue that his Twitter account should not be used as an official channel of communication. And since some of his tweets have been linked to causing failing diplomatic relationships. In this regard, although Trump’s use of Twitter for official communications primarily helps in fostering diplomatic relations, the few negative implications cannot be ignored.
Why Twitter Diplomacy Matters Twitter Diplomacy代写
Through Twitter, Trump has become incontestably the most influential leader out of the 25 most followed modern world leaders. The influence is most amplified by the number of retweets per tweet that he generates. Compared to equally influential leaders such as Pope and Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Trump tweets seven times as much as they do. (see graph 1 below) It means that while Trump is mass mover on Twitter, he also uses most of his time on Twitter. The rise in the presence of most world leaders in Twittersphere suggests that their tweets are also including foreign policy-related topics.
Graph 1: Showing the use of Twitter per country. Twitter Diplomacy代写
When compared to the conventional modes of diplomacy where leaders make private calls and other hidden channels. Twitter diplomacy has three main merits, including accessibility, control, and high network effects. Trump’s use of Twitter has increased his availability, unlike past presidents who could not directly converse with the public. Thus, just like other social platforms, Park (2013) found that Twitter can be used to increase public engagement in politics. Therefore, he holds his Twitter account dearly as the primary way to directly connect and communicate with general global audience. Traditional media tools like press conferences were censored and mostly relied on editing, filtering and were managed by multilayer of stakeholders.
Twitter is free and unfiltered media that allows leaders to message at any time. Thus, Twitter has given Trump a way to bypass all the complex bureaucracies and iteration that are common in government communications. Therefore, Trump is able make instantaneous access to millions of his followers and hence tapping the larger, more diverse, global audience. Conventional media tools were not able to achieve such large and instant access to public.
Secondly Twitter Diplomacy代写
Twitter uses to increase the ability of message control. Barack Obama notably used it in 2008 election, and he managed to influence his followers and won the election (Hayden, Waisanen, Osipova, & Payne, 2013; Zhang & Golan, 2013). The increased access to global audience enables world leaders like Trump to control the meaning, tone, and integrity (or lack thereof) of the tweets. He as the president bypasses complex iterations in white house communication department and hence few or no filters to limit him from creating intended meaning or ambiguities towards the actual purpose of his tweets.
The ability to take control of his messages makes it possible to shape both national and international narratives and how the citizens perceive foreign policy issues. This control is essential if the leader of his global status is to succeed in rallying domestic support for his foreign policy agendas.
Lastly Twitter Diplomacy代写
Trump’s use of Twitter accelerates network effects. He has increased the rate of sending and receiving feedbacks and leveraged the network to amplify his messages. It means that Trump can measure and access the reception and perception of the public and other world leaders towards his tweets. Thus, he can quickly through the likes and retweets develop diplomatic or public acknowledgment. For example, when a leader of a foreign country likes or retweets his tweets, then the original message is further amplified in the Twittersphere.
However, there are downsides of Twitter diplomacy as created by President Trump. Twitter Diplomacy代写
Twitter can make diplomatic relationships fragile. Although Twitter has created networks, there are emerging risks of diplomatic tensions and conflict. For instance, the past Donald Trump’s tweets about North Korea were leaving a lot of speculations on war or disputes and resulted in diplomatic fear. (Sharman, 2017) The people from North Korea might not have taken his sentiments about Kim Jong lightly.
The talk on North Korea’s program began as an undertone and erupted to a social media sensation. With his ability to make uncensored posts, Trump often bypasses set bureaucratic procedure that is set to promote rational decision-making. Message ambiguity that may result in misinterpretation can result in unwarranted tension. Social media communication should be a trade-off between instantaneous information flow and poorly vetted and irrational messages that put diplomatic relationships at risk.
Figure 1: Trump’s tweet about North Korea and Kim Jong Un.
Additionally, Trump’s posts are exposing his personal opinions, preferences, and emotions. According to Duncombe (2019) the power to control the content of the messages he posts allows him to express his personal opinion and feelings that drive his decision-making. Through tweets, adversaries are offered a window into a leader’s view. As such, critics are using Trump’s uncensored post to label him a narcissist. Adversaries are using Twitter as the loophole to analyze his psyche and foreign policy approaches and hence, able to identify his vulnerabilities in diplomacy, use fractures in alliances and seek to provoke him.
In the modern internet communication era. Twitter Diplomacy代写
Twitter has enabled leaders a quick way to reach out to citizens while having full message control and leveraging on their accelerated network effects. Twitter has created more benefits than demerits in diplomatic relationships, and hence world leaders should harness it. However, a little precaution is necessary to ensure that leaders do not misuse it and therefore have negative implications between country’s relationships. As such, to curb the few disadvantages that have emerged in Twitter diplomacy, governments need to consider training programs, and Twitter uses guidelines for the U.S. president.
References Twitter Diplomacy代写
Duncombe, C. (2019). Digital Diplomacy: Emotion and Identity in the Public Realm. The Hague Journal of Diplomacy, 14(1-2), 102–116. https://doi.org/10.1163/1871191X-14101016
Hayden, C., Waisanen, D., Osipova, Y., & Payne, J. (2013). Facilitating the Conversation: The 2012 U.S. Presidential Election and Public Diplomacy Through Social Media. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(11), 1623–1642. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764213505365
Park, C. (2013). Does Twitter motivate involvement in politics? Tweeting, opinion leadership, and political engagement. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), 1641–1648. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.01.044
Sharman, J. (2017). Donald Trump’s tweets could lead to war between the US and North Korea, diplomats fear. Independent. Retrieved from https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/donald-trump-twitter-tweets-war-us-north-korea-kim-jong-un-nuclear-diplomats-a7992226.html
Zhang, J., & Golan, G. (2013). A Strategic Issue Management (SIM) Approach to Social Media Use in Public Diplomacy. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(9), 1312–1331. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764213487734