Criminal Justice

Name

Institution

Criminal Justice

Law essay代写 I think that the role of criminal profilers should be expanded to include normal criminal occurrences that···

Topic 1: The role of criminal profilers in routine criminal investigations Law essay代写

I think that the role of criminal profilers should be expanded to include normal criminal occurrences that are more common and take place on a daily basis. This is because these investigative authorities have expertise in terms of skills and resources as compared to other investigative authorities. Therefore, they would be able to help other investigating bodies in solving these criminal cases.

In the course of duty, criminal profilers gain intimate knowledge on repeat offenders, victims as well as regions with a high rate of criminal activities. Consequently, they have access to valuable information on recurring criminal activities.

They can use this information to develop innovative responses so that they can curb future criminal activities before they take place (Braga, Flynn, Kelling, & Cole, 2015, p. 4). Therefore, it is a take-over from normal occurrences of fighting crime. Crime should be prevented from occurrence, which is better than having to respond to criminal activities that has proved ineffective.

I believe that criminal profilers can incorporate their investigative knowledge Law essay代写

As well as skills to come up with better crime-control strategies. These skills can solve criminal issues that often dodge law enforcement agencies. For instance, criminal profilers have excellent skills in interviewing witnesses, victims and offenders which enables them to understand the root of the problem (Braga, Flynn, Kelling, & Cole, 2015, p. 6). Secondly, they can find informants, manage the information they get from these individuals .

And carry out their independent investigations to find out if the information is credible and reliable. Consequently, criminal profilers are in a position to gain significant leads before criminal activities take place. In scenarios whereby the criminal activities take place, they can effectively carry out investigations which are both fast and accurate. As a result, the perpetrators of these criminal activities are more likely to be apprehended.

Thirdly, due to the nature of their work, criminal profilers are exposed to advanced surveillance technologies which they use to conduct covert surveillance. These are resources that are not available to ordinary investigating officers. Because of this, they are more likely to have the upper hand when solving criminal cases.

Finally, based on their training, criminal profilers are trained how to preserve and develop evidence. Based on this evidence, they determine what analysis of criminal activities is required. It is, therefore, possible to trace activities of repeat offenders through a root cause analysis. This also applies to the case of new criminals where they can profile their criminal activities (Braga, Flynn, Kelling, & Cole, 2015, p. 7).

Consequently, criminal profilers find out the relationships between cases Law essay代写

And information on criminals and their criminal groups. Furthermore, they can sequence investigative steps in any inquiry or judicial proceedings so that to optimize their chances of winning these criminal cases and getting a conviction for these criminals.

Based on this analysis, one can conclude that criminal profilers pay more attention to offenders while other investigating officers are more focused on where the criminal activities took place, the type of crime, and the victim involved. Consequently, the former can handle cases from the beginning that is from when the case is first reported.

This is a case that normal officers cannot investigate due to the nature of their structure and patrol operations which do not allow for it. Furthermore, according to Sparrow (2008), a criminal loop is generally assumed to be incomplete without incorporating criminal profilers to solve the criminal issue since the criminal loop will have gaps.

law essay代写
law essay代写

Topic 2: The use of profiling to catch serial murderers and rapists Law essay代写

I believe it is difficult to use profiling to catch serial murderers. According to Van Aken (2015, p. 137), there is no universally accepted definition of serial murders. Therefore, it is difficult to profile such individuals. This is because the classification of an individual as a serial killer requires that such an individual to have taken part in several cases of murder. This is problematic because most of these victims are discovered only after they are apprehended. Furthermore, the victims of these criminal acts are dead. Therefore, it is difficult to get insight from victims on the profile of these criminals.

Profiling serial murderers can be difficult because the victim and the murderer are in most cases strangers who may not have had any previous association. This is unlike normal murders where the murderer is known to the victim. As a result, it is difficult to locate the murderer due to the lack of a starting point in criminal investigations (Aken, 2015, p. 139). Furthermore, information about serial killers are not observable and hence cannot be used by profilers to narrow down for the suspect in the large suspect field.

Most of the serial murderers are common people who lead ordinary lives Law essay代写

These individuals have families, live in areas where they are well known to their neighbors, and have usual jobs. This makes them less susceptible to committing criminal activities. This is especially if these individuals do not leave evidence that would tie them to the criminal activities that they commit. Therefore, profiling in such cases turns attention only to the individuals who fit the profile. Furthermore, law enforcement agencies do not store enough profiles that could enable them to make any leads on such investigations.

In the case of rapists, I believe it is possible to profile a rapist. To begin with, the perpetrators of these acts are well known to the victims. Therefore, the victims of these acts can describe those who raped them. The criminal profilers can then use this information to sketch a portrait of the rapist. They can later store this information in a database for unsolved cases. They can use the information that is stored in the database to trace related crimes by the same individuals. Any related cases can then be traced to a single individual.

Psychologists suggest that rapists are serial in nature Law essay代写

Hence, a rapist will continue with these acts as long as they never get apprehended. Consequently, it is possible to trace their criminal acts. Furthermore, rapists are more likely to be involved in another criminal act (Beauregard, 2010, p. 9). International research suggests that the criminal history of rapists is often related to various offensive behaviors. A study in New Zealand showed that for the ninety-six solved rape cases had a significant correlation with other criminal acts.

In conclusion, it would also be important to note that the act of rape leaves much evidence such as semen, fingerprints, and human hair (Joubert, 2012, p. 7). These are sources of information provided that this form of evidence is not tampered with by the victim. Criminal profilers can then use this information to profile a criminal. The information gathered can also be stored in a database. Therefore, related rape cases can be compiled and solved as a single case for serial rapists.

law essay代写
law essay代写

References Law essay代写

Aken, C. V. (2015). The use of criminal profilers in the prosecution of serial killers. Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science3, 127-149.

Beauregard, E. (2010). Rape and sexual assault in investigative psychology: The contribution of sex offenders’ research to offender profiling. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling7(1), 1-13. doi:10.1002/jip.114

Braga, A. A., Flynn, E. A., Kelling, G. L., & Cole, C. M. (2015). Moving the work of criminal investigators towards crime control. New Perspectives in Policing: National Institute of Justice, 2-37.

Joubert, D. (2012). Developmental correlates of offending patterns in serial rapists. Journal of Criminal Psychology2(1), 4-18. doi:10.1108/20093821211210459

Scott, D., Lambie, I., Henwood, D., & Lamb, R. (2006). Profiling stranger rapists: Linking offence behavior to previous criminal histories using a regression model. Journal of Sexual Aggression12(3), 265-275. doi:10.1080/13552600601090329

Sparrow, M. K. (2008). The character of harms: Operational challenges in control. New York: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511753862

 


刑事司法

名称

机构

刑事司法

主题1:犯罪探查员在常规刑事调查中的作用 Law essay代写

我认为,应该将犯罪事件探查者的作用扩展到包括更常见且每天发生的正常犯罪事件。这是因为与其他调查机构相比,这些调查机构在技能和资源方面具有专业知识。因此,他们将能够帮助其他调查机构解决这些刑事案件。

在执勤过程中,犯罪分析人员对重复犯罪者,受害者以及犯罪活动率很高的地区有深入的了解。因此,他们可以获得有关经常性犯罪活动的宝贵信息。他们可以利用这些信息来制定创新的对策,以便他们可以遏制未来的犯罪活动(Braga,Flynn,Kelling,&Cole,2015,p.4)。因此,这是对正常发生的战斗犯罪的接管。应该防止犯罪的发生,这比必须对事实证明无效的犯罪活动作出反应要好。

我认为,犯罪分析人员可以结合他们的调查知识和技能,以提出更好的犯罪控制策略。这些技能可以解决经常躲避执法机构的刑事问题。例如,犯罪剖析者在采访证人,受害者和罪犯方面具有出色的技能,这使他们能够理解问题的根源(Braga,Flynn,Kelling,&Cole,2015,p.6)。其次,他们可以找到线人,管理从这些人那里获得的信息,并进行独立调查以了解信息是否可信和可靠。因此,犯罪剖析者可以在犯罪活动发生之前获得重要的线索。在发生犯罪活动的情况下,他们可以有效地进行快速而准确的调查。结果,这些犯罪活动的肇事者更有可能被逮捕。

第三,由于工作性质,犯罪剖析者会接触到用于进行秘密监视的先进监视技术。这些是普通调查人员无法获得的资源。因此,他们在解决刑事案件时更有可能占据上风。最后,根据他们的培训,对犯罪分析人员进行了如何保存和发展证据的培训。基于这些证据,他们确定需要对犯罪活动进行哪些分析。因此,有可能通过根本原因分析来追踪屡犯者的活动。这也适用于新犯罪分子可以概述犯罪活动的情况(Braga,Flynn,Kelling和&Cole,2015年,第7页)。

因此,犯罪分子探查者发现了案件与犯罪分子及其犯罪集团的信息之间的关系。此外,他们可以在任何询问或司法程序中安排调查步骤,以使他们有机会赢得这些刑事案件并为这些罪犯定罪。

根据这一分析,可以得出结论,犯罪剖析人员更加关注犯罪者,而其他调查人员则更加关注犯罪活动发生的地点,犯罪类型和受害人。因此,前者可以从一开始就处理案件,也就是从第一次报告案件开始。在这种情况下,普通警官由于其结构和巡逻操作的性质而无法进行调查,因此无法进行调查。此外,根据Sparrow(2008)的研究,一般认为犯罪循环是不完整的,如果没有犯罪轮廓分析程序来解决犯罪问题,因为犯罪循环将存在空白。

主题2:利用剖析来抓捕连环杀手和强奸犯 Law essay代写

我认为很难使用剖析来捕获连环杀人犯。范·阿肯(Van Aken,2015,第137页)指出,连环谋杀没有普遍接受的定义。因此,很难描绘出这样的人。这是因为将某人归类为连环杀手,就要求该人参与了几起谋杀案。这是有问题的,因为这些受害者中的大多数都是在被捕之后才被发现的。此外,这些犯罪行为的受害者已经死亡。因此,很难从受害者那里了解这些罪犯的形象。

对连续的凶手进行概要分析可能很困难,因为受害者和凶手在大多数情况下是以前可能没有任何关联的陌生人。这与普通谋杀案不同,后者是受害者认识凶手的地方。结果,由于缺乏刑事调查的起点,很难找到凶手(Aken,2015,p.139)。进一步

e,无法观察到有关连环杀手的信息,因此,探查人员无法使用这些信息来缩小犯罪嫌疑人领域中的犯罪嫌疑人的范围。大多数连环杀人犯是普通人,过着平淡的生活。这些人有家庭,住在邻居熟悉的地区,并有正常工作。这使他们不易犯罪。如果这些人没有留下将他们与所从事的犯罪活动联系起来的证据,则尤其如此。因此,在这种情况下进行概要分析只会将注意力转移到适合该个人资料的个人身上。此外,执法机构没有存储足够的资料,无法使他们在此类调查中发挥任何作用。

对于强奸犯,我认为有可能介绍强奸犯。首先,这些行为的肇事者是受害者所熟知的。因此,这些行为的受害者可以描述强奸他们的人。然后,犯罪剖析者可以使用此信息来描绘强奸犯的肖像。他们以后可以将这些信息存储在数据库中以解决未解决的情况。他们可以使用存储在数据库中的信息来跟踪同一个人的相关犯罪。然后可以将任何相关案例追溯到一个人。

心理学家建议,强奸犯是连续性的。因此,强奸犯只要不被逮捕就将继续进行这些行为。因此,有可能追查其犯罪行为。此外,强奸犯更有可能卷入另一种犯罪行为(Beauregard,2010,p.9)。国际研究表明,强奸犯的犯罪史常常与各种令人反感的行为有关。新西兰的一项研究表明,在96宗已解决的强奸案中,与其他犯罪行为有显着相关性。

总而言之,还必须注意,强奸行为会留下许多证据,例如精液,指印和人发(Joubert,2012,p.7)。这些是信息来源,但前提是受害者不得篡改这种形式的证据。然后,犯罪探查者可以使用此信息来对罪犯进行探查。收集的信息也可以存储在数据库中。因此,相关强奸案可以作为系列强奸犯的一个单独案件进行汇编和解决。

References Law essay代写

Aken, C. V. (2015). The use of criminal profilers in the prosecution of serial killers. Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science3, 127-149.

Beauregard, E. (2010). Rape and sexual assault in investigative psychology: The contribution of sex offenders’ research to offender profiling. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling7(1), 1-13. doi:10.1002/jip.114

Braga, A. A., Flynn, E. A., Kelling, G. L., & Cole, C. M. (2015). Moving the work of criminal investigators towards crime control. New Perspectives in Policing: National Institute of Justice, 2-37.

Joubert, D. (2012). Developmental correlates of offending patterns in serial rapists. Journal of Criminal Psychology2(1), 4-18. doi:10.1108/20093821211210459

Scott, D., Lambie, I., Henwood, D., & Lamb, R. (2006). Profiling stranger rapists: Linking offence behavior to previous criminal histories using a regression model. Journal of Sexual Aggression12(3), 265-275. doi:10.1080/13552600601090329

Sparrow, M. K. (2008). The character of harms: Operational challenges in control. New York: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511753862

 
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