SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE REPORT

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Social Work Practice Report

社会工作报告代写 The export market in Australia is mainly supported by regional, rural, and remote areas. It is approximated that 67 percent of ···

 

Introduction

The export market in Australia is mainly supported by regional, rural, and remote areas. It is approximated that 67 percent of Australian export revenues (Pines, n.d). Out of these, agriculture contributes 3 percent, which amounts to about $50 billion in GDP. There are approximately 134,000 farms businesses in Australia, with 99 percent of it owned by Australian citizens (“National Farmer Federation,” 2017, p. 6). Citizens produce Ninety-three percent of Australia’s daily domestic food supply.

The agricultural industry employs more than 1.6 million people in the Australian economy. The sector contributes more than 3 percent of the country’s Gross Domestic Economy. Out of these percentage, the farmer’s exports around 60 percent of their output. The farmers’ exports earn more than 40 billion, and it has been going ups and downs over the years since 2008. Nevertheless, Australian farming has continued to face decline, and yet it has remained internationally competitive through efficiencies and productivity growth (Cheshire, 2016, p. 25).

However, the growth in the agricultural sector has been tremendously increasing at the rate of 2.8 percent before the years 2008. Since 2008, the sector has been falling at the rate of 1 percent per year and hence evidence that there is need to be an increase in research and development to revive the industry to satisfy the global food demand of ever-growing world population.

The social work practice was conducted in Robertson in New South Wales.  社会工作报告代写

The area is 140 km from SW and has a population of 1,865 people (“Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017,” 2017). The primary economic activity in Robertson is agriculture and contribute to more than 90 percent of local revenues. Most farmers are a small scale for local market consumption with few large farms sparsely distributed in the area. Large farms sell the surplus to other regions and export the rest. The farming activities in Robertson contribute to the employment of more than 500 locals (Tonts, Plummer, and Argent, 2014, p. 365). Although agricultire is largely practiced in this area, in the last decade, farmers face challenges in farming. A social worker was tasked to research the farming practices in Robertson and the problems they face.

Therefore, the difficulties with Robertson’s farms ranged from social, economic, educational, and cultural practices.

As such, the major issues examined include agricultural produce market, availability of extension services, farm inputs, and disease and pests in the area. People in Robertson struggle with lack of credit services, inaccessibility of government support to finance agricultural activities as well as farm rule and regulations. The problems impact on the quality and quantity of farm produce and growth of the farming sector.

Although there have been mechanisms put in place to address the issues of agriculture in Roberson, a lot has not been done at the detriment of farmers in the area. As a result, most farmers are left in despair and in desperate need of refuge to salvage them from succumbing to debts, the decline in outputs and market and which is leading them to poverty. The challenges necessitated a social worker to investigate and assist them with farming challenges.

Farming Family’s Current Situation  社会工作报告代写

The farming conditions in Robertson was analyzed in the perspectives of social, economic, educational, and cultural aspects of living and their implications to women, men, youths, and elderly. Robertson is a remote area where most of the farmers practice small scale farming with few large farmers practicing commercial agriculture. Lands are privately owned with few renting lands, particularly large farms. Some people live in their lands with their families. Families offer labor in small scale farming, while large farms employ casual and permanent workers. Unfortunately, women and children are the ones who provide labour in family farms while men are the managers. Young people are mostly employed in local farms to provide manual jobs. According to the opinion of the locals, older people do not contribute to farming activities since they are considered tired and worn out to continue working. Older people are provided for by their siblings.

On the other hand, Robertson is economically backward, with most people living in poverty.

Subsistence farming has not elevated most of them economically. Farmers still use manual and old methods of farming like hand farrowing, irrigations, harvesting, and storage. I was also found that some farmers still practice traditional methods of pests and disease controls. However, large farmers use modern agricultural technologies like tractors, combine harvesters, pest and disease controls as well as irrigations. Large farms also have modern greenhouses for horticulture farming.

Small-scale farmers produce mostly for household consumptions and local market, and hence farming does not have a significant contribution to their economic life. The most affected people by low economic status in Robertson are old and young people. Reason being, the older generation is weak to work and depend on their children for their wants and needs. Women and men are the landowners and resources, and hence get rent for them. However, young people depend on employment on farms or their parents. Socio-economic backwardness has led to persistence in poverty, particularly in youths and older people.

Furthermore, according to my observation, most people in Robertson have formal education and have gone beyond college and tertiary education.  社会工作报告代写

According to the interviews conducted with the locals, it was found that the young generation was influenced to get a better education from their parents. Young people are the most learned, followed by their parents and older people. Compared to men, women less educated with most having achieved a college education. Since the locals practice farming, most people have pursued knowledge in farming, mainly in agricultural engineering, horticulture, management. The most available jobs are engineers and horticultural specialist and mostly employs young people and men. Education has contributed to skilled labor and growth inefficiency in agriculture in Robertson.

Moreover, the cultural aspect of living has negatively impacted on agriculture in Robertson.

Culture is the way of life of the people, which include beliefs, behaviors, and values. According to the conducted field study, some farmers still use traditional methods of farming like pest and disease control, manual works, and other beliefs. Some believe that the application of petroleum jerry on injured animals help prevent infections and accelerate healing.  Some people used a mixture of ash and pepper for disease and pest control. However, these methods are not scientifically proven and results in low harvests.

Traditionally, people in Robertson are animal keepers and hence most small-scale farmers at least keep a domesticated animal in their farm. Dairy cows and beef are the most domesticated animal. People rely on these animals for milk and meat as well as manure. Women and children are traditionally the primary sources of labor in farms, while men have roles in management. Because of their strength, young people are offered manual and casual labor in their family farms and where employed. Culture has influenced the type of agriculture practiced in A and hence, the main economic activity.

Current Socio-Political and Cultural Context of the Rural Social Work Practice  社会工作报告代写

A social worker needs to have a keen interest in the socio-political and cultural context of the area of practice. As such, this section explores the influence of the socio-political and cultural context on the development of social work practice models and practices in Robertson. In social work, it is not possible to separate theory from practice or concepts from actions. In the bid to help the locals in their farming practices, the use of social knowledge and applying theory is needed to bring change in local farming (Besthorn, 2013, 190). There exist many theories and models in the application of social practice framework. In so doing, the use of concepts, beliefs, values, propositions, assumptions, hypothesis, and principles is inalienable.

To get opinions from farmers about issues affecting them approached like interviews, observation, and social interactions were used (Ritchie, Lewis, Nicholls, and Ormston, 2013). The interviews were conducted using the critical people in farming as community representatives, mainly. The methods will give a chance for interaction with the locals and hence create a sense of trust between them and the social worker. Also, face to face interviews and interactions will give firsthand information that is critical in decision making. Additionally, the approach will give the social worker a chance to observe various issues affecting farming in Robertson. The strategy for gathering information will keep in check the different social, political, and cultural perspectives of the locals.

In the context of socio-political and cultural, Robertson is concerned about issues about the environment, government interventions in agriculture, produce prices, cultural heritage, and more.  社会工作报告代写

The locals are worried about the clearing of forests for farming. According to them forest formed part of their culture, particularly in the practice of alternative medicine, hunting, animals reserve and had aesthetic values. The major concerns were that people had encroached forest, especially in areas around Royal National Park and the beaches of Wollongong. Other issues were the government roles in regulating the daily and beef farming activities in the area. Although many felt that the government has tried in its roles, others saw the need for reduction in feed taxes to reduce the cost of production.

Also, concerned were the farm output prices which has been on the decline for the last one decade ago following deregulation of private factories. Farmers felt that they were not getting value for their farming efforts, mainly in dairy and beef production. The town of Robertson is famous for beef and cheese production, which has declined due to inaccessibility of the market in Sydney. Potato farmers, on the other hand, felt since it is their main economic activity, efforts to support the sector should be intensified. The local politics and culture have affected how people in Robertson perceive government policies in support of agriculture.

However, the Australian government has tried to support agricultural sectors through various policies and programs (Grundy et al., 2016, p. 75).  社会工作报告代写

Through the relevant ministries, the government has enabled a market and supply chain responsiveness, in that, it has prioritized advocacy efforts in marketing through multilateral trade agreements. The advocacy has focused on addressing the market access issues, develop strategies for technical barriers, domestic reforms, and advocating for international trade liberalization. Locally, the government has tried to come up with regulations and enforcement to foster cohesive, consumer-driven domestic values chain where all farmers are recognized and participate in mutual dependency.

Additionally, the government has worked to increase competitiveness and growth in the agro-food sector (Willer, Lernoud, and Kemper, 2018, p. 22).

In so doing, it harnesses existing collaborative funding and arrangements for research. As such, the government avail more resources and ensure complementarity between research and social workers’ efforts to promote innovation in the farming value chain. Besides, the Australian government has continued to make adjustments in issues affecting farmers, firms, and communities. It does so by having consistent and time-framed government interventions.

The target is achieved through education on management skills and self-reliant and ways to be responsive to market incentives. Most importantly, the government has continued to task the farmers with the stewardship of natural resources. A sustainable environment is considered a significant concern in making future agricultural policies. Therefore, the consensus is between the government, farmers, and environmental groups, and it is market-based to ensure optimal use and responsibility in the management of natural resources, maintain biodiversity, and balance the ecosystem.

Service Delivery Models and Approaches  社会工作报告代写

Service delivery models underpin the social support social workers deliver to people in a particular area or the mode of delivery. The models determine the objectives and desired results of the social work. In essence, service models are the framework from which initiatives are developed to guide a social worker to deliver services to the target group or area (Roberts et al., 2017, p. 65). Such models as a system, social learning, problem-solving, and crisis intervention models will be used.

First, system theory was used to describe human behaviors in the system of farming.

By application of this theory, a social worker has to understand that an effective farming system is based on individual needs, rewards, expectations, and attributes of the farmers (Gallant, and Thyer, 2017, p. 250). Therefore, families and farmers’ groups or associations should be directly involved in resolving the issues facing them. For instance, the theory can be used to solve problems of pest controls and market prices fluctuations. Mainly, pest and disease control has taken a centre stage out of all issues facing farmers in Robertson.

The model involved gathering all the stakeholders affected by the problem of pest and diseases control and train them on approach to solutions. The theory helps the social worker to identify the needs as pest and disease and rewards as a solution to the problem of pest and disease in both animals and crops. Also, the model helped speculate on the farmers’ expectations about the training or extension service. The attribute of participants includes farming as their primary activity and include all farmers from Roberson. The approach in system theory is holistic in that it focuses on the whole community, starting with individual farmers.

社会工作报告代写
社会工作报告代写

On the other hand, social learning theory assumes that farmers will learn through observation and imitation and to reinforce a new behavior (Akers and Jennings, 2015, p. 230).

Instead of the social worker giving training verbally, he/she can engage them in excursions and practices in their farms. The theory contributes to hands-on practices of new farming methods and technologies. For instance, a social worker can take some farmer to model farms to learn about modern dairy farming. The exercise will use both observation and imitation of farming practices in their farms. The theory is suitable to resolve the problem of many farmers using inferior and traditional methods of production, which has led to low earnings.

Moreover, the social worker used crisis intervention and problem-solving models to address critical issues facing farmers in Robertson. Some problems like government taxes on animal feeds and other farm inputs, low prices of produce and inaccessible markets need interventions with the relevant government agencies for appropriate policies to protect farmers (Thompson, 2017, p. 135). Problem-solving give farmers a chance to think through challenges they are facing and together with the social worker come up with solutions. The method of crisis intervention is suitable since it allows the social worker to be proactive in mediating between the government or relevant agency and farmers.

Personal Practice Framework (Social Work Knowledge, Values, And Skills)  社会工作报告代写

A social work practice needs to harbor an ally of knowledge, values, and skills to be effective and efficient. A social worker is a professional, and therefore, essential skills values and standards have to apply. One has to have the skills to use motor and sensory. Motor abilities help in acquiring and integrating new information through the use of senses to perform the tasks. Also, a practitioner is expected to have good interpersonal and communication skills. To demonstrate this, one should be compassion, objectivity, integrity, and respect for all while being mindful of others. Social work must be able to communicate effectively and sensitively to the target group. That is, the ability to express ideas and feeling coherently and precisely and demonstrate the willingness and ability to listen to others. Most importantly, communications skills have to be sufficient in both spoken and written.

Furthermore, a social worker needs to have values which include social justice and diversity. Social justice includes the promotion of equality and human rights and recognizes human dignity. Diversity involved appreciating the value of human diversity. That is, a social worker must serve appropriately to all persons that need help regardless of age, class, race, religion, gender, and sexual orientation. In essence, during personal practice, religion, sexual, and cultural values are set aside. As such, they must be cognizance on how personal values, beliefs, attitudes, and experiences might affect thinking, behaviors, and interpersonal relations.

Rural Social Work Practice Challenges.  社会工作报告代写

An agricultural social worker is likely to have challenges of varying degrees while in practice. One of the main one being that one may not be able to satisfy all farmers’ needs. Every farmer comes with their problems, but a social worker chooses to have a holistic approach to the issues affecting the area. Sometimes, balancing personal values, beliefs, and attitude may be difficult, which might interfere with serving objectively and uphold justice. Also, the social worker may be faced with a language barrier, mainly if people in Robertson use language he/she is not familiar.

Conclusion    

Agriculture is the backbone of Australia and more so Robertson in New South Wales. Robertson is identified as one of the most fertile in Australia, receive high rainfall, and hence farming takes place extensively. A social worker has a role of identifying, intervening, and solving challenges faced in the areas of assignment of interest. The main problems in the area included taxes on feeds, the decline in the market, low prices on produce, among others. The key aspect is to engage the farmers in getting solutions to the problems facing them.

References  社会工作报告代写

Akers, R.L., and Jennings, W.G., 2015. Social learning theory. The Handbook of Criminological Theory, 4, p.230.

Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2017. Robertson (State Suburb). 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 July 2017.

Besthorn, F.H., 2013. Vertical farming: Social work and sustainable urban agriculture in an age of global food crises: Australian Social Work, 66(2), pp.187-203.

Cheshire, L., 2016. Governing rural development: Discourses and practices of self-help in Australian rural policy. Routledge.

Grundy, M.J., Bryan, B.A., Nolan, M., Battaglia, M., Hatfield-Dodds, S., Connor, J.D., and Keating, B.A., 2016. Scenarios for Australian agricultural production and land use to 2050. Agricultural Systems, 142, pp.70-83.

Gallant, J.P., and Thyer, B.A., 2017. The usefulness of general systems theory in social work practice. Human behavior theory and social work practice (pp. 250-258). Routledge.

National Farmer Federation 2019. Food, Fibre, and Forestry Facts: A summary of Australia’s agriculture sector. [online] Barton, pp.1-56. Available at: https://www.nff.org.au/farm-facts.html [Accessed 7 Jun. 2019].

Pines, Lawrence. n.d. Australia’s top commodity imports and experts. Available from https://commodity.com/australia/

Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., Nicholls, C.M., and Ormston, R. eds., 2013. Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers. Sage.

Roberts, L., Turner, N., McArdle, B., Nowlan, M., Taylor, L., Webber, R., and Rose, P., 2017. Outreach immunization services in New Zealand: a review of service delivery models. Journal of primary health care, 9(1), pp.62-68.

Tonts, M., Plummer, P., and Argent, N., 2014. Path dependence, resilience, and the evolution of new rural economies: Perspectives from rural Western Australia. Journal of Rural Studies, 36, pp.362-375.

Thompson, N., 2017. Crisis intervention. In Social Work Theory and Methods (pp. 129-140). Routledge.

Willer, H., Lernoud, J., and Kemper, L., 2018. The world of organic agriculture 2018: Summary. In The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends, 2018 (pp. 22-31). Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL and IFOAM-Organics International.


 

社会工作实践报告

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社会工作实务报告

社会工作报告代写 澳大利亚的出口市场主要受到地区,农村和偏远地区的支持。大约的67%···

 

介绍

澳大利亚的出口市场主要受到区域,农村和偏远地区的支持。大约占澳大利亚出口收入的67%(Pines,n.d)。其中农业占3%,国内生产总值约500亿美元。澳大利亚大约有134,000个农场企业,其中99%由澳大利亚公民拥有(“国家农民联合会”,2017年,第6页)。公民生产澳大利亚每日国内食品供应的百分之九十三。

农业产业在澳大利亚经济中雇佣了超过160万人。该行业对中国国内生产总值的贡献超过3%。在这些百分比中,农民的出口约占其产出的60%。农民的出口收入超过400亿美元,自2008年以来多年来一直在起伏不定。尽管如此,澳大利亚的农业继续面临下滑,但通过提高效率和生产率来保持国际竞争力(Cheshire,2016年)。 ,第25页)。

但是,农业部门的增长在2008年之前以2.8%的速度急剧增长。自2008年以来,该部门以每年1%的速度下降,因此有证据表明需要增加进行研发以振兴该行业,以满足不断增长的世界人口对全球粮食的需求。

社会工作实践是在新南威尔士州的罗伯逊进行的。社会工作报告代写

该地区距离西南偏南140公里,人口1,865人(“澳大利亚统计局,2017年”,2017年)。罗伯逊的主要经济活动是农业,占当地收入的90%以上。大多数农民都是针对当地市场的小规模消费,很少有大型农场稀疏地分布在该地区。大型农场将剩余的农产品出售给其他地区,然后将剩余的农产品出口。罗伯逊的农业活动为500多个当地人的就业做出了贡献(Tonts,Plummer和Argent,2014年,第365页)。尽管该地区主要从事农业生产,但在过去十年中,农民在耕作方面面临挑战。一名社会工作者的任务是研究罗伯逊的耕作方式及其面临的问题。

因此,罗伯逊农场的困难来自社会,经济,教育和文化习俗。

因此,所审查的主要问题包括农产品市场,推广服务的可用性,农场投入以及该地区的病虫害。罗伯逊(Robertson)的人们苦苦挣扎,因为他们缺乏信贷服务,无法获得政府支持以资助农业活动以及农场法规。这些问题影响到农产品的质量和数量以及农业部门的增长。

尽管已经建立了解决罗布森农业问题的机制,但在损害该地区农民的方面还没有做很多事情。结果,大多数农民陷入绝望,迫切需要避难,以挽救他们免于债务,产量和市场的下降,并导致他们陷入贫困。这些挑战使社会工作者必须调查并协助他们应对农业挑战。

农业家庭的现状 社会工作报告代写

从生活的社会,经济,教育和文化方面及其对妇女,男人,青年和老人的影响的角度分析了罗伯逊的耕作条件。罗伯逊(Robertson)是一个偏远地区,大多数农民从事小规模耕种,很少有大型农民从事商业性农业。土地是私有土地,几乎没有出租土地,尤其是大型农场。有些人与家人一起住在自己的土地上。家庭在小规模农业中提供劳动力,而大农场则雇用临时工和长期工人。不幸的是,妇女和儿童是在家庭农场提供劳力的人,而男子是管理者。年轻人大多受雇于当地农场提供体力劳动。根据当地人的意见,老年人不从事农业活动,因为他们被认为疲惫不堪,无法继续工作。老年人由他们的兄弟姐妹提供。

另一方面,罗伯逊在经济上落后,大多数人生活在贫困中。

自给农业并没有在经济上提高它们中的大多数。农民仍然使用人工和古老的耕作方法,例如人工分娩,灌溉,收割和储存。我还发现有些农民仍在实践传统的病虫害控制方法。但是,大型农民使用现代农业技术,例如拖拉机,联合收割机,病虫害防治以及灌溉。大型农场还拥有现代化的园艺园艺温室。

小型农民的生产主要用于家庭消费和当地市场,因此,农业对他们的经济生活没有重大贡献。罗伯逊(Robertson)经济地位低下受影响最大的人群是老年人和年轻人。原因是,老一辈人工作能力很弱,并且依靠孩子来满足他们的需求。妇女和男子是土地所有者和资源,因此可以为她们租房。但是,年轻人依赖农场或父母的就业。社会经济落后导致贫困持续存在,特别是在青年和老年人中。

此外,根据我的观察,罗伯逊的大多数人都接受过正规教育,已经超越了大学和高等教育。社会工作报告代写

根据与当地人的访谈,发现年轻一代受到影响,希望从父母那里获得更好的教育。年轻人是最有学识的人,其次是父母和老年人。与男人相比,受过良好教育的妇女受过大多数大学教育。自从当地人开始耕种以来,大多数人都追求耕种知识,主要是农业工程,园艺,管理。最多的工作是工程师和园艺专家,并且主要雇用年轻人和男人。教育促进了罗伯逊的熟练劳动力和农业增长效率低下。

此外,生活的文化方面对罗伯逊的农业产生了负面影响。

文化是人们的生活方式,其中包括信仰,行为和价值观。根据进行的实地研究,一些农民仍然使用传统的耕作方法,例如病虫害防治,手工作业和其他信仰。一些人认为,在受伤的动物身上施用石油杰瑞有助于防止感染并加速愈合。有些人使用灰和胡椒的混合物来控制病虫害。但是,这些方法未经科学证明,会导致收成低下。

传统上,罗伯逊(Robertson)的人是动物饲养者,因此大多数小规模农民至少在其农场中饲养驯养的动物。奶牛和牛肉是最驯化的动物。人们依靠这些动物获取牛奶,肉类和肥料。传统上,妇女和儿童是农场的主要劳动力来源,而男人则在管理中发挥作用。由于他们的实力,他们在家庭农场和受雇的年轻人中从事体力劳动和临时劳动。文化影响了A地区农业的类型,从而影响了主要的经济活动。

当前农村社会工作实践的社会政治文化背景  社会工作报告代写

社会工作者需要对实践领域的社会政治和文化背景具有浓厚的兴趣。因此,本节探讨了社会政治和文化背景对罗伯逊社会工作实践模式和实践发展的影响。在社会工作中,不可能将理论与实践分开,将概念与行动分开。为了帮助当地人进行耕作方式,需要利用社会知识和应用理论来改变当地的耕作方式(Besthorn,2013,190)。在社会实践框架的应用中存在着许多理论和模型。这样做时,概念,信念,价值观,命题,假设,假设和原则的使用是不可剥夺的。

为了从农民那里获取关于影响他们的问题的意见,采用了访谈,观察和社会互动的方式(Ritchie,Lewis,Nicholls和Ormston,2013)。访谈主要以农业关键人物为社区代表进行。这些方法将提供与当地人互动的机会,从而在他们与社工之间建立信任感。而且,面对面的访谈和互动将提供对决策至关重要的第一手信息。此外,该方法将使社会工作者有机会观察到影响罗伯逊农业的各种问题。收集信息的策略将检查当地人不同的社会,政治和文化观点。

在社会政治和文化背景下,罗伯逊关注环境问题,政府对农业的干预,农产品价格,文化遗产等等。社会工作报告代写

当地人担心砍伐森林以供耕种。根据他们的说法,森林是其文化的一部分,尤其是在替代医学的实践中,狩猎,动物保留并具有审美价值。人们最担心的是人们侵犯了森林,特别是在皇家国家公园和卧龙岗海滩附近的森林。其他问题是政府在调节该地区日常和牛肉种植活动中的作用。尽管许多人认为政府已在发挥作用,但其他人则认为需要降低饲料税以降低生产成本。

同样,令人担忧的是,由于私有工厂的放松管制,过去十年来农产品的价格一直在下降。农民们认为他们的耕作没有价值,主要是在乳制品和牛肉生产方面。罗伯逊(Robertson)镇以牛肉和奶酪生产而闻名,由于悉尼市场的人迹罕至,该镇已经减少。另一方面,马铃薯种植者认为由于这是他们的主要经济活动,因此应加大支持该部门的努力。当地的政治和文化已经影响了罗伯逊的人们如何看待政府支持农业的政策。

但是,澳大利亚政府已尝试通过各种政策和计划来支持农业部门(Grundy等人,2016年,第75页)。社会工作报告代写

通过相关部门,政府已经启用了市场和供应链的响应能力,因为它通过多边贸易协议优先开展了市场营销方面的宣传工作。倡导的重点是解决市场准入问题,制定技术壁垒,国内改革的战略,并倡导国际贸易自由化。在当地,政府试图制定法规和执法措施,以建立凝聚力,以消费者为导向的国内价值链,让所有农民得到承认并参与相互依赖。

此外,政府还致力于提高农业食品领域的竞争力和增长(Willer,Lernoud和Kemper,2018年,第22页)。

这样,它可以利用现有的合作资金和研究安排。因此,政府可以利用更多资源,并确保研究与社会工作者为促进农业价值链创新所做的努力之间具有互补性。此外,澳大利亚政府继续在影响农民,企业和社区的问题上进行调整。通过采取一致且有时间限制的政府干预措施,可以做到这一点。

该目标是通过对管理技能和自力更生以及对市场激励措施做出反应的方法来实现的。最重要的是,政府继续责成农民管理自然资源。可持续的环境被认为是制定未来农业政策的重要考虑因素。因此,共识是政府,农民和环境团体之间的共识,它是基于市场的,以确保在自然资源管理中的最佳使用和责任,维护生物多样性和平衡生态系统。

服务交付模型和方法 社会工作报告代写

服务提供模式是社会工作者向特定地区或提供方式的人们提供社会支持的基础。这些模型确定了社会工作的目标和预期结果。从本质上讲,服务模型是框架,通过该框架可以制定倡议,以指导社会工作者向目标群体或地区提供服务(Roberts等,2017,第65页)。将使用诸如系统,社会学习,问题解决和危机干预模型之类的模型。

首先,系统理论被用来描述农业系统中的人类行为。

通过运用该理论,社会工作者必须了解有效的耕作制度是建立在农民的个人需求,报酬,期望和特质的基础上的(Gallant和Thyer,2017年,第250页)。因此,家庭和农民团体或协会应直接参与解决他们面临的问题。例如,该理论可用于解决虫害控制和市场价格波动的问题。在罗伯逊州农民面临的所有问题中,病虫害防治已成为主要焦点。

该模型涉及收集受病虫害控制问题影响的所有利益相关者,并对他们进行解决方案的培训。该理论帮助社会工作者将病虫害和疾病的需求识别出来,并将其作为解决动物和农作物中病虫害问题的解决方案而得到回报。此外,该模型还有助于推测农民对培训或推广服务的期望。参与者的属性包括农业作为其主要活动,并且包括来自罗伯森的所有农民。系统理论的方法是整体的,因为它着眼于整个社区,从单个农民开始。

另一方面,社会学习理论假设农民将通过观察和模仿来学习并强化新的行为(Akers和Jennings,2015年,第230页)。

他/她可以代替社会工作者进行口头培训,而可以让他们参加他们农场的短途旅行和实践。该理论有助于新农业方法和技术的动手实践。例如,社会工作者可以带一些农民为农场做模型,以了解现代奶牛养殖。该练习将使用观察和模仿农场中的耕作方式。该理论适合解决使用劣质和传统生产方法的许多农民的问题,这导致了低收入。

此外,社会工作者使用危机干预和问题解决模型来解决罗伯逊农民面临的关键问题。诸如政府对动物饲料和其他农场投入品征收税,农产品价格低廉和市场无法进入等问题需要与相关政府机构进行干预,以采取适当政策保护农民(Thompson,2017年,第135页)。解决问题的能力使农民有机会思考自己面临的挑战,并与社工一起提出解决方案。危机干预的方法是合适的,因为它使社会工作者能够积极主动地在政府或相关机构与农民之间进行调解。

个人实践框架(社会工作知识,价值观和技能)

社会工作实践需要拥有知识,价值和技能的同盟,以使其有效和高效。社会工作者是专业人士,因此必须应用基本技能价值观和标准。一个人必须具有使用运动和感觉的技能。运动能力通过使用感官执行任务来帮助获取和整合新信息。此外,从业人员应具有良好的人际交往和沟通能力。为了证明这一点,一个人应该具有同情心,客观性,正直性和对所有人的尊重,同时还要注意他人。社会工作必须能够与目标群体进行有效和敏感的沟通。就是说,具有表达连贯和精确的想法和感觉并表现出倾听他人的意愿和能力的能力。最重要的是,无论是口语还是书面,沟通技巧都必须足够。

此外,社会工作者需要具有包括社会正义和多样性在内的价值观。社会正义包括促进平等和人权,并承认人的尊严。多样性涉及到欣赏人类多样性的价值。也就是说,社会工作者必须适当地为所有需要帮助的人服务,无论其年龄,阶级,种族,宗教,性别和性取向如何。本质上,在个人实践中,宗教,性和文化价值观被搁置。因此,他们必须意识到个人价值观,信念,态度和经历如何影响思维,行为和人际关系。

农村社会工作实践挑战。社会工作报告代写

在实践中,农业社会工作者可能会面临不同程度的挑战。一个主要的原因是,一个人可能无法满足所有农民的需求。每个农民都会遇到他们的问题,但是社会工作者选择对影响该地区的问题采取整体方法。有时,平衡个人价值观,信念和态度可能很困难,这可能会干扰客观服务和维护正义。同样,社工可能会面临语言障碍,主要是如果罗伯逊人使用他/她不熟悉的语言。

结论

农业是澳大利亚的骨干,新南威尔士州的罗伯逊更是如此。罗伯逊(Robertson)被认为是澳大利亚最肥沃的土地之一,降雨很高,因此耕种广泛。社会工作者具有识别,干预和解决在利益分配领域面临的挑战的作用。该地区的主要问题包括饲料税,市场下降,农产品价格低廉等。关键是要使农民参与进来,以解决他们面临的问题。

References  社会工作报告代写

Akers, R.L., and Jennings, W.G., 2015. Social learning theory. The Handbook of Criminological Theory, 4, p.230.

Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2017. Robertson (State Suburb). 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 July 2017.

Besthorn, F.H., 2013. Vertical farming: Social work and sustainable urban agriculture in an age of global food crises: Australian Social Work, 66(2), pp.187-203.

Cheshire, L., 2016. Governing rural development: Discourses and practices of self-help in Australian rural policy. Routledge.

Grundy, M.J., Bryan, B.A., Nolan, M., Battaglia, M., Hatfield-Dodds, S., Connor, J.D., and Keating, B.A., 2016. Scenarios for Australian agricultural production and land use to 2050. Agricultural Systems, 142, pp.70-83.

Gallant, J.P., and Thyer, B.A., 2017. The usefulness of general systems theory in social work practice. Human behavior theory and social work practice (pp. 250-258). Routledge.

National Farmer Federation 2019. Food, Fibre, and Forestry Facts: A summary of Australia’s agriculture sector. [online] Barton, pp.1-56. Available at: https://www.nff.org.au/farm-facts.html [Accessed 7 Jun. 2019].

Pines, Lawrence. n.d. Australia’s top commodity imports and experts. Available from https://commodity.com/australia/

Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., Nicholls, C.M., and Ormston, R. eds., 2013. Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers. Sage.

Roberts, L., Turner, N., McArdle, B., Nowlan, M., Taylor, L., Webber, R., and Rose, P., 2017. Outreach immunization services in New Zealand: a review of service delivery models. Journal of primary health care, 9(1), pp.62-68.

Tonts, M., Plummer, P., and Argent, N., 2014. Path dependence, resilience, and the evolution of new rural economies: Perspectives from rural Western Australia. Journal of Rural Studies, 36, pp.362-375.

Thompson, N., 2017. Crisis intervention. In Social Work Theory and Methods (pp. 129-140). Routledge.

Willer, H., Lernoud, J., and Kemper, L., 2018. The world of organic agriculture 2018: Summary. In The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends, 2018 (pp. 22-31). Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL and IFOAM-Organics International.

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