GDP代写 economic growth代写 inflation rate代写

GDP代写

1.1)

GDP代写
GDP代写

GDP代写 the GDP growth rate in 2018 has fallen compared to the former years with several reasons: A. An unbalance of net exports

a. Under the expenditure approach,           GDP代写

breaking down the GDP needs the calculation of four elements, C (Consumer spending on goods and services) + I(Investor spending on business capital goods) + G(Government’s expending on goods and services by the government) + net exports(exports minus imports of goods and services).

So on describing the GDP of the Czech Republic in 2018 using the expenditure approach, the GDP growth rate in 2018 has fallen compared to the former years with several reasons: A. An unbalance of net exports (the percentage of import is much higher than export’s) B. A higher inflation rate started from 2017 compared with former years.

b.It is influenced by the increasing inflation rate,

it shows that households in the Czech Republic have to pay more money than last year on a certain product with the increasing inflation rate.

 

2) a. The General Unemployment Rate is the number of unemployed people as a percentage of the labour force,          GDP代写

where the latter consists of the unemployed plus those in paid or self-employment, it always indicates the development of a certain economy, the better development, the lower General Unemployment Rate and vice versa.

But the share of Unemployed Persons means the total of unemployed population and the people unwilling to work constitute a socially inactive population that minuses the labour force. The two concepts contain different people

b. A. GDP continues to grow steadily B.

Household expenditure continues to grow steadily. These two indicators are the proof that the economy of Czech Republic goes well.

 

3) a. It is a creeping inflation when prices rise 3 percent a year or less.          GDP代写

It benefits economic growth. This kind of inflation makes consumers expect that prices will keep going up. That boosts demand. Consumers buy now to beat higher future prices. That’s how mild inflation drives economic expansion.

 

b. The average nominal wage growth rate is much greater than the inflation rate, indicating that the real wages of workers are rising.

4) Exchange Rate Commitment: CZK/EUR=27/1           GDP代写

 

5) The Government deficit rate from 2014-2018 had never beyond 3% and the Government debt rate from 2014-2018 had never beyond 60%.

 

6) a. Monopolistic competition refers to the market phenomenon in which many manufacturers produce and sell similar but different commodities.

Its characteristics are: (1) the number of enterprises is large but the scale is relatively small (2) the products are similar and different from each other, so the demand curve is inclined downwards. (3) The enterprise is not restricted in terms of access, resources can be transferred between industries (4) many small Buyer.

An oligopoly is a market state dominated by a small number of sellers (oligarchs). An oligopoly is a market structure that includes both monopolistic and competitive factors and is closer to a complete monopoly. Its distinguishing feature is that a few manufacturers monopolize the market of a certain industry, which accounts for a high proportion of the total output of the industry, thus controlling the supply of products in the industry.

b.

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In the process of short-term equilibrium realization, the monopolistic competition market, like the monopoly market, will also have three situations: excess profit, income and expenditure, and loss. The difference from the monopoly market is that the slope of the market demand curve faced by monopolistic competitors is small. After considering the production cost factor, the monopolistic competitor will choose the production under the condition that the marginal cost is equal to the marginal benefit, that is, the E point in the figure below. The output determined by point E is OQ* and the price is OP. Since the short-term average cost at this time is OG, the monopolistic competitor is profitable and its profit is GFHP.

 

7) a. It indicates that the degree of consumer response to changes in the amount of consumer income over a certain period of time is measured by the coefficient of elasticity.       GDP代写

Income elasticity is based on the assumption that the consumer’s preference, the price of the commodity itself and the price of the relevant commodity remain unchanged, analyze the degree of response of the demand for the commodity to the change in income.

Three types of income elasticity of demand

(1)> 1 (luxury, rich income elasticity)

(2) (0,1) (essential, lack of income elasticity)

(3)<0 (low grade)

b. An indicator of the extent to which demand reflects the price change.       GDP代写

The formula is the price elasticity of demand = the percentage change in demand / the percentage change in price

When Ed = 0: perfect inelasticity

When 0 < Ed < 1: lacks elasticity, is not elastic, or is inelastic

When Ed = 1: unit elasticity, single elasticity, or unit elasticity

When 1<Ed<+∞ : Elastic

When Ed→+∞: fully elastic or perfect elasticity

c.

A measure of the extent to which a product’s demand responds to changes in the price of its substitute or complement, subject to other conditions.

The cross-elasticity of demand can be positive or negative. The cross-elasticity of the substitute is positive, while the cross-elasticity of the complement is negative.

 

2.1 A. Balance sheet           GDP代写

Assets
Fiscal year is January-December. All values USD millions. 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
 Cash & Short Term Investments 21.68B 19.9B 22.2B 20.68B 15.96B
Cash Only 8.96B 7.31B 8.56B 6.01B 8.93B
Short-Term Investments 12.72B 12.59B 13.65B 14.67B 7.04B
 Total Accounts Receivable 4.47B 3.94B 3.86B 3.67B 3.4B
Accounts Receivables, Net 4.47B 3.94B 3.86B 3.67B 3.4B
Accounts Receivables, Gross 4.8B 4.29B 4.32B 4.14B 3.89B
Bad Debt/Doubtful Accounts (331M) (352M) (466M) (477M) (489M)
Other Receivables
Inventories 3.1B 2.9B 2.68B 2.66B 2.77B
Finished Goods 1.13B 1.03B 844M 693M 692M
Work in Progress
Raw Materials 1.62B 1.56B 1.57B 1.73B 1.86B
Progress Payments & Other 351M 306M 266M 233M 212M
Other Current Assets 3.75B 6.65B 5.28B 9.55B 8.51B
Miscellaneous Current Assets 3.75B 6.65B 5.28B 9.55B 8.51B
Total Current Assets 32.99B 33.4B 34.01B 36.55B 30.63B
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Net Property, Plant & Equipment 14.63B 12.57B 10.64B 8.2B 8.23B
Property, Plant & Equipment – Gross 25.26B 22.35B 21.26B 16.45B 16.25B
Buildings 5.54B 4.91B 4.57B 3.92B 3.84B
Land & Improvements 972M 717M 589M 334M 485M
Computer Software and Equipment
Other Property, Plant & Equipment
Accumulated Depreciation 10.63B 9.78B 10.62B 8.25B 8.01B
Total Investments and Advances 14.69B 16.81B 18.46B 23.49B 21.69B
Other Long-Term Investments 4.75B 4.49B 2.2B 2.63B 2.28B
Long-Term Note Receivable
Intangible Assets 26.37B 24.13B 21.13B 16.64B 17.27B
Net Goodwill 12.1B 11.29B 10.63B 9.4B 10.26B
Net Other Intangibles 14.27B 12.84B 10.5B 7.24B 7.01B
Other Assets 3.02B 2.73B 2.71B 2.7B 2.73B
Tangible Other Assets 3.02B 2.73B 2.71B 2.7B 2.73B
 Total Assets 92.02B 90B 87.27B 87.9B 83.22B
Liabilities & Shareholders’ Equity
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
ST Debt & Current Portion LT Debt 22.68B 15.81B 16.03B 16.5B 18.19B
Short Term Debt 19.13B 13.13B 12.5B 13.21B 13.19B
Current Portion of Long Term Debt 3.55B 2.68B 3.53B 3.3B 5B
 Accounts Payable 2.09B 2.8B 2.68B 2.29B 2.5B
Income Tax Payable 400M 1.07B 999M 410M 378M
Other Current Liabilities 7.2B 7.26B 6.83B 7.99B 8.16B
Dividends Payable
Accrued Payroll 997M 936M 857M 854M 894M
Miscellaneous Current Liabilities 6.21B 6.32B 5.97B 7.14B 7.26B
 Total Current Liabilities 32.37B 26.93B 26.53B 27.19B 29.22B
Long-Term Debt 19.06B 28.31B 29.68B 31.18B 25.36B
Long-Term Debt excl. Capitalized Leases 19.06B 28.31B 29.68B 31.18B 25.36B
Non-Convertible Debt 19.06B 28.31B 29.68B 31.18B 25.36B
Convertible Debt
Capitalized Lease Obligations
Provision for Risks & Charges
Deferred Taxes 5.32B 4.33B 3.43B 2.19B (734M)
Deferred Taxes – Credit 5.64B 4.69B 3.75B 2.52B 1.93B
Deferred Taxes – Debit 319M 360M 326M 330M 2.67B
Other Liabilities 4.39B 4.3B 4.08B 8.02B 7.64B
Other Liabilities (excl. Deferred Income) 4.39B 4.3B 4.08B 8.02B 7.64B
Deferred Income
 Total Liabilities 61.46B 64.23B 64.05B 68.92B 64.16B
Non-Equity Reserves
Preferred Stock (Carrying Value)
Redeemable Preferred Stock
Non-Redeemable Preferred Stock
 Common Equity (Total) 30.32B 25.55B 23.06B 17.07B 16.98B
Common Stock Par/Carry Value 1.76B 1.76B 1.76B 1.76B 1.76B
Retained Earnings 63.41B 65.02B 65.5B 60.43B 63.23B
ESOP Debt Guarantee
Cumulative Translation Adjustment/Unrealized For. Exch. Gain (5.23B) (9.17B) (9.78B) (8.96B) (11.05B)
Unrealized Gain/Loss Marketable Securities 972M 288M 305M 493M 50M
Revaluation Reserves
Treasury Stock (42.23B) (45.07B) (47.99B) (50.68B) (51.72B)
 Total Shareholders’ Equity 30.32B 25.55B 23.06B 17.07B 16.98B
Accumulated Minority Interest 241M 210M 158M 1.91B 2.08B
Total Equity 30.56B 25.76B 23.22B 18.98B 19.06B
Liabilities & Shareholders’ Equity 92.02B 90B 87.27B 87.9B 83.22B

 

   B. Income statement          GDP代写

USD $ in millions
12 months ended Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Net operating revenues 31,856 35,410 41,863 44,294 45,998
Cost of goods sold -11,770 -13,256 -16,465 -17,482 -17,889
Gross profit 20,086 22,154 25,398 26,812 28,109
Selling, general and administrative expenses -10,307 -12,496 -15,262 -16,427 -17,218
Other operating charges -1,079 -2,157 -1,510 -1,657 -1,183
Operating income 8,700 7,501 8,626 8,728 9,708
Interest income 682 677 642 613 594
Interest expense -919 -841 -733 -856 -483
Equity income, net 1,008 1,071 835 489 769
Other income (loss), net -1,121 -1,666 -1,234 631 -1,263
Income from continuing operations before income taxes 8,350 6,742 8,136 9,605 9,325
Income taxes from continuing operations -1,623 -5,560 -1,586 -2,239 -2,201
Net income from continuing operations 6,727 1,182 6,550 7,366 7,124
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes -251 101
Consolidated net income 6,476 1,283 6,550 7,366 7,124
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests -42 -35 -23 -15 -26
Net income attributable to shareowners of The Coca-Cola Company 6,434 1,248 6,527 7,351 7,098

 

2.2     GDP代写

Fiscal year is January-December. All values USD millions. 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Cash Only 8.96B 7.31B 8.56B 6.01B 8.93B
 Total Accounts Receivable 4.47B 3.94B 3.86B 3.67B 3.4B
Accounts Receivables, Gross 4.8B 4.29B 4.32B 4.14B 3.89B
Inventories 3.1B 2.9B 2.68B 2.66B 2.77B
Total Current Assets 32.99B 33.4B 34.01B 36.55B 30.63B
Net Property, Plant & Equipment 14.63B 12.57B 10.64B 8.2B 8.23B
 Total Assets 92.02B 90B 87.27B 87.9B 83.22B
 Total Current Liabilities 32.37B 26.93B 26.53B 27.19B 29.22B
Long-Term Debt 19.06B 28.31B 29.68B 31.18B 25.36B
Long-Term Debt excl. Capitalized Leases 19.06B 28.31B 29.68B 31.18B 25.36B
Non-Convertible Debt 19.06B 28.31B 29.68B 31.18B 25.36B
 Total Liabilities 61.46B 64.23B 64.05B 68.92B 64.16B
Total Equity 30.56B 25.76B 23.22B 18.98B 19.06B
quick ratio 92% 113% 118% 125% 95%

 

2.3      GDP代写

Coca-Cola reports its net revenue in two segments: concentrate operations and finished product operations. Coca-Cola manufactures and sells syrup to authorized bottlers to make finished Coca-Cola products and manufacture fountain syrups. This revenue is reported under the company’s concentrate operations. The company also manufactures its own fountain syrups, manages several bottling operations, and collects revenue on finished products.

 

2.4

The analyse of Balance sheet
Assets 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Cash Only 9.74% 8.12% 9.81% 6.84% 10.73%
Accounts Receivales, Gross 5.22% 4.77% 4.95% 4.71% 4.67%
Inventories 3.37% 3.22% 3.07% 3.03% 3.33%
Other Current Assets 4.08% 7.39% 6.05% 10.86% 10.23%
Total Current Assets 35.85% 37.11% 38.97% 41.58% 36.81%
Property, Plant & Equipment – Gross 27.45% 24.83% 24.36% 18.71% 19.53%
Accumulated Depreciation 11.55% 10.87% 12.17% 9.39% 9.63%
Net Goodwill 13.15% 12.54% 12.18% 10.69% 12.33%
Other Assets 3.28% 3.03% 3.11% 3.07% 3.28%
 Total Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Short Term Det 20.79% 14.59% 14.32% 15.03% 15.85%
 Accounts Payale 2.27% 3.11% 3.07% 2.61% 3.00%
Income Tax Payale 0.43% 1.19% 1.14% 0.47% 0.45%
Accrued Payroll 1.08% 1.04% 0.98% 0.97% 1.07%
 Total Current Liailities 35.18% 29.93% 30.40% 30.93% 35.11%
Long-Term Det 20.71% 31.46% 34.01% 35.47% 30.47%
Deferred Taxes 5.78% 4.81% 3.93% 2.49% -0.88%
Other Liailities 4.77% 4.78% 4.68% 9.12% 9.18%
 Total Liailities 66.79% 71.37% 73.39% 78.41% 77.10%
 Common Equity (Total) 32.95% 28.39% 26.42% 19.42% 20.40%
Retained Earnings 68.91% 72.25% 75.05% 68.75% 75.98%
Treasury Stock -45.89% -50.08% -54.99% -57.66% -62.15%
Total Equity 33.21% 28.63% 26.61% 21.59% 22.90%
Total Liabilities & Equity 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%

 

The analyse of Income statement       GDP代写
12 months ended Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Net operating revenues 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Cost of goods sold -36.95% -37.44% -39.33% -39.47% -38.89%
Gross profit 63.05% 62.56% 60.67% 60.53% 61.11%
Selling, general and administrative expenses -32.35% -35.29% -36.46% -37.09% -37.43%
Other operating charges -3.39% -6.09% -3.61% -3.74% -2.57%
Operating income 27.31% 21.18% 20.61% 19.70% 21.11%
Interest income 2.14% 1.91% 1.53% 1.38% 1.29%
Interest expense -2.88% -2.38% -1.75% -1.93% -1.05%
Equity income, net 3.16% 3.02% 1.99% 1.10% 1.67%
Other income (loss), net -3.52% -4.70% -2.95% 1.42% -2.75%
Income from continuing operations before income taxes 26.21% 19.04% 19.43% 21.68% 20.27%
Income taxes from continuing operations -5.09% -15.70% -3.79% -5.05% -4.78%
Net income from continuing operations 21.12% 3.34% 15.65% 16.63% 15.49%
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes -0.79% 0.29%
Consolidated net income 20.33% 3.62% 15.65% 16.63% 15.49%
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests -0.13% -0.10% -0.05% -0.03% -0.06%
Net income attributable to shareowners of The Coca-Cola Company 20.20% 3.52% 15.59% 16.60% 15.43%

 

2.5 Pepsi and Red Bull         GDP代写

Pepsi – Coca-Cola’s largest and closest competitor; its main competitor, the brand covers multiple categories, including herbal drinks, health and energy drinks, and bottled water and juice. In fact, Pepsi is the toughest competitor of Coca-Cola, and their competition has been called the Coke War.

Red Bull – Red Bull has a limited product portfolio but is a major competitor to Coca-Cola’s energy drink products. Red Bull is Coca-Cola’s most powerful energy drink competitor.

 

2.6

The Profitability Score is a relevant measure for the assessment of a stock attractiveness. The Coca-Cola Company shows a Profitability Score of 9.00.

The Profitability Score for The Coca-Cola Company is significantly higher than its peer group’s. This means that The Coca-Cola Company has a significantly higher profitability than its peer group.

 

2.7           GDP代写

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
168.7B 179.9B 192.8B 182.9B 206.8B

I would not recommend Coca-Cola’s stock. The Coca-Cola Company has had little success in achieving multi-business in the past few years compared to its competitors. Its business growth is not only slow but also heavily dependent on the single pillar of beverages.

 

3.1

BALANCE SHEET
Assets
Cash 38,000
Account Receivable 60,000
Inventories 15,600
Total Current Assets   113,600
Building at acquisition cost 120,000
Building accumulated depreciation, as at 31. 12. 2X14 30000
Transport vehicles at acquisition cost 200,000
Transport vehicles accumulated depreciation, as at 31. 12. 88000
Net Fixed Assets 320,000
Total Assets   433,600
Liabilities and Equity  
Current portion of LTD 9000
Account payables 45400
Accruals 3600
Revolving Bank Credit
Total Current Liabilities   58000
Long-Term Debt (Mortgage) 27,000
Total Liabilities 85,000
Equity 125000
Retained earnings 223600
Total Equity 348600
Total Liabilities and Equity 433,600

 

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